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Author: Trilokinath Raina
Publisher: Sahitya Akademi
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8126013664
Kashmir literature, with Poetry as its chief mode of expression, can be said to have begun with Lal Ded, "that most manly of women seekers after God" and the other outstanding mystic, Sheikh-ul-Alam. 14th century Mysticism was followed by the age of vatsun, with chang, rabaab and santoor full of the affirmation of life, with Habba Khaatoon, that incomparable votary of passion, riding .the waves. The 19th century was the age of masnavis, whose heavy Persian influence dominated the theme, form, diction and metre of poetry. Their themes were mostly local tales of Love and war. Side by side, Bhakti and Sufi poets flourished. The dawn of the modern age brought new movements, revolutionary in character, like the progressive movement, shifting the writers' Worldview altogether. This was followed by disillusion and despair. The glory of the Kashmiri writer lies in his/her braving the storm. One unique thing about Kashmiri letters is the total absence of prose till 1940 (apart from the Language of speech). During the last six decades it has, however, branched out into various genres like essay, criticism, history, Drama and Fiction - and Kashmiri literature now has a pride of place in Indian Letters.
Preface1. The Kashmiri Language2. The Great Mystics3. The Age of Lyricism4. Longer Narrative Poetry :i. Bazmia Masnavis Iii. Bazmia Masnavis IIiii. Razmia Masnavisiv. Bhakti and Sufi Poets5. The Modern Age :i. Formative Yearsii. Progressive Literatureiii. Years of Disillusioniv. The New Divergencies6. Growth of Prose :i. Backgroundii. Birth of Formal Proseiii. Linguistics, Literary Criticism and Essaysiv. The Dramav. Translationsvi. The Short Storyvii. The Novelviii. Children's Literature7. AwardsSelect Bibliography Index