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A Time of Coalitions - Divided We Stand
A Time of Coalitions - Divided We Stand

A Time of Coalitions - Divided We Stand

by Paranjoy Guha Thakurta

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Product ID:12914

Language

English

Publisher

Sage Publications

ISBN

0761932372 - Year: 2004 - Pages: 413

Binding

Paperback

Paranjoy Guha Thakurta

Author: Paranjoy Guha Thakurta
Shankar Raghuraman/
Publisher: Sage Publications
Year: 2004
Language: English
Pages: 413
ISBN/UPC (if available): 0761932372

Description

This topical and absorbing book, written by two eminent journalists, convincingly argues against two commonly held beliefs concerning Indian politics. Their basic premise is that India has come a long way from the time when a single party, the Congress, dominated our polity. Instead, it has give way to multi-arty configurations or coalitions which, they demonstrate, are neither temporary nor an aberration-coalitions are here to stay, they say, at least in the foreseeable future. Second, they expertly dismiss the view that India's polity is essentially bipolar, led by either of the two largest parties-the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Congress party-and that other political parties have no option but to choose which of these two they will align themselves with.

Skillfully piecing together the complex jigsaw of Indian politics, the authors point out that the moment we examine what is happening a the state level, it is clear that Indian politics is becoming more fragmented with the rise of caste-based and regional parties. Their conclusion is unique: coalitions are not a negative feature of India's polity but, instead, have had a positive influence on the working of the country's democratic structures. The authors take the view that coalition governments are in fact better equipped to deal with the tensions of a divided society while single-party governments tend to both centralise and homogenise. Among the numerous issues and trends cogently discussed are:

The rise of the BJP from the time it was virtually wiped out of Parliament in 1984, and it's current faction-ridden character

The dramatic decline of the Congress, especially the fact that the minorities and oppressed groups, once its largest constituency, are now deserting it in large numbers

The continuing fragmentation of the Indian polity and the rise of regional parties which are not necessarily narrow and partisan, but capable of looking at issues from a wider perspective

The changing tactics of the left and their internal differences

The crucial question of whether coalitions can provide stable Union governments

The possibility of alternate political formations-headed neither by the BJP nor the Congress-Coming to power at the centre

The extent to which political coalitions have led to better governance, brought about a greater degree of federalism, and reduced the incidence of corruption

The manner in which successive governments have handled the new politics of economic liberalization and the central issues of growth with equity

Challenging many widely held views regarding India's polity and political processes, this fascinating book will be widely read by anyone interested in Indian politics at the beginning of the 21st century.

Contents

List of Abbreviations

Preface: Diversity in Unity

Acknowledgements

Introduction: India in a Time of Coalitions

Bharatiya Janata Party:
In Search of the Right Strategy

Indian National Congress:
A Return to Family Values

Caste in Stone:
Politics of the Hindi Heartland

Small is Beautiful:
Rooted in Region

Left Parties: Caged Birds?

Friends in Need:
Are Coalitions Inherently Unstable?

Friends in Deed: Can Coalitions Govern Effectively?

Illusion of Consensus

Gazing at a Crystal Ball

Index

About the Authors

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