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Arguments for a Better World - Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen (2 Volume Set)

by John Broome

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Product ID:33234

Language

English

Publisher

Oxford University Press

ISBN

9780199239993 - Year: 2009 - Pages: 1232

Binding

Hardcover

John Broome
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Author: John Broome
Arjun Sengupta/Several Contributors
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): Kaushik Basu/Ravi Kanbur
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2009
Language: English
Pages: 1232
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9780199239993

Description

Amartya Sen has made deep and lasting contributions to the academic disciplines of economics, philosophy, and the social sciences more broadly. He has engaged in policy dialogue and public debate, advancing the cause of a human development focused policy agenda, and a tolerant and democratic polity. This argumentative Indian has made the case for the poorest of the poor and for plurality in cultural perspective. It is not surprising that he has won the highest awards, ranging from the Nobel Prize in Economics to the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor. This public recognition has gone hand in hand with the affection and admiration that Amartya's friends and students hold for him.

This volume of essays, written in honor of his 75th birthday by his students and peers, covers the range of contributions that Sen has made to knowledge. They are written by some of the world's leading economists, philosophers and social scientists, and address topics such as ethics, welfare economics, poverty, gender, human development, society and politics.

The ?rst volume begins with matters of ethics and moral philosophy-appropriately we feel, given the foundational status of philosophy and given that so much of modern social choice and welfare draws on principles of moral philosophy and the philosophy of human rights. Several essays in this collection then go into matters of social choice theory and evaluative measurement, matters that were close to Amartya Sen’s heart through the seventies and eighties, His in?uential papers and books on the “capabilities approach” to social evaluation appeared mostly after the publication of his collected works, and this has been enormously in?uential in the social sciences, perhaps even more outside of economics than within. We felt that this deserves a full subsection and so there is a cluster of eight papers on the subject. The ?rst volume ends with some more applied essays on collective action and also some on Sen’s recent interest and an urgent subject of our times-—identity.

Volume II is on the subject of development, on which Amartya Sen has contributed extensively throughout his life, and which, we have noted, was widely (and wrongly) believed to be the work for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize. But we decided to place this subject within a much larger social science context than usual.

Thus this second volume has contributions from political scientists, sociologists, philosophers and historians, and of course there is the ubiquitous presence of economists. In its ?rst part the second volume picks up from where the ?rst volume left off—the subject of capabilities in actual developmental settings. The second
part turns to the topic of gender and the household. Sen is a prominent ?gure in the ?eld of feminist economics and his contributions on differences in the treatment of the girl child and boy child have been of great in?uence for both academic research and policy-making. His writing on the millions of “missing girls” in India and China stirred consciences and drew the attention of bureaucrats and politicians. He has also worked, in more academic ways, on the problem of decision-making within the household by applying ideas of Nash bargaining to the nature of “cooperative con?ict” among householders. These interests are re?ected in the papers in Part II.






About The Editors:

Kaushik Basu is Professor of Economics and the C. Marks Professor of International Studies, Department of Economics, and Director, Center for Analytic Economics, Cornell University. He has held visiting positions at CORE (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium), the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton), and the London School of Economics, where he was Distinguished Visitor in 1993. He has been Visiting Professor at Harvard University, Princeton University, and M.I.T. In 1992 he founded the Centre for Development Economics in Delhi and was its first Executive Director. He is also a founding member of the Madras School of Economics. A Fellow of the Econometric Society and a recipient of the Mahalanobis Memorial Award for contributions to economics, Kaushik Basu has published widely in the areas of Development Economics, Industrial Organization, Game Theory and Welfare Economics.


Ravi Kanbur is T. H. Lee Professor of World Affairs, International Professor of Applied Economics and Management, and Professor of Economics at Cornell University. He holds a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of Cambridge and a doctorate in economics from the University of Oxford. He has taught at the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Essex, Warwick, Princeton and Columbia. He has served on the staff of the World Bank, as Economic Adviser, Senior Economic Adviser, Resident Representative in Ghana, Chief Economist of the African Region of the World Bank, and Principal Adviser to the Chief Economist of the World Bank. He has also served as Director of the World Bank's World Development Report. Professor Kanbur's main areas of interest are public economics and development economics. His work spans conceptual, empirical, and policy analysis. He is particularly interested in bridging the worlds of rigorous analysis and practical policy making.

Contents

Contents

VOLUME I: ETHICS, WELFARE AND MEASUREMENT

List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Contributors

Introduction

PART I: ETHICS, NORMATIVE ECONOMICS AND WELFARE
1: Why economics needs ethical theory by John Broome
2: The Sen System of Social Evaluation by S. R. Osmani
3: The Good Life and the Good Economy: The Humanist Perspective of Aristotle, the Pragmatists and Vitalists, and the Economic Justice of John Rawls by Edmund S. Phelps
4: The Adaptation Problem, Evolution and Normative Economics by Mozzafar Qizilbash
5: Rights and Interests by T. M. Scanlon
6: Elements of a Theory of the Right to Development by Arjun Sengupta

PART II: AGENCY, AGGREGATION AND SOCIAL CHOICE
7: Rational Choice on General Domains by Walter Bossert and Kotaro Suzumura
8: Some Remarks on the Ranking of Infinite Utility Streams by Bhaskar Dutta
9: Individual Choices in a Non-Consequentialist Framework: A Procedural Approach by Wulf Gaertner and Yongsheng Xu
10: The Method of Majority Decision and Rationality Conditions by Satish K. Jain
11: Convexity and Separability in Representing Consensus by Isaac Levi
12: Rights, Individual Preferences, and Collective Rationality by Prasanta K. Pattanaik
13: Irrelevant Alternatives by Kevin Roberts
14: Limited Rights and Social Choice Rules by Maurice Salles
15: Dominance Criteria for Critical-Level Generalized Utilitarianism by Alain Trannoy and John A. Weymark

PART III: POVERTY, CAPABILITIES AND MEASUREMENT
16: The Measurement of Capabilities by Paul Anand, Cristina Santos, and Ron Smith
17: On Ultrapoverty by Sudhir Anand, Christopher Harris, and Oliver Linton
18: Multidimensional Poverty Orderings: Theory and Applications by Francois Bourguignon and Satya R. Chakravarty
19: External Capabilities by James E. Foster and Christopher Handy
20: On the Welfarist Rationale for Relative Poverty Lines by Martin Ravallion
21: Justice as Fairness and the Capability Approach by Ingrid Robeyns
22: Ungrouping Income Distributions: Synthesising Samples for Inequality and Poverty Analysis by Anthony Shorrocks and Guanghua Wan
23: A Practical Proposal for Simplifying the Measurement of Income Poverty by S. Subramanian

PART IV: IDENTITY, COLLECTIVE ACTION AND PUBLIC ECONOMICS
24: Concepts and Measures of Agency by Sabina Alkire
25: Sen's Identities by Kwame Anthony Appiah
26: Welfare Economics and Giving for Development by A. B. Atkinson
27: Justice, Equity and Sharing the Cost of a Public Project by Rajat Deb, Indranil K. Ghosh, and Tae Kun Seo
28: Isolation, Assurance and Rules: Can Rational Folly Supplant Foolish Rationality? By Peter Hammond
29: Simple Formulae for Optimal Income Taxation and the Measurement of Inequality by Joseph E. Stiglitz

Index of Names
Index of Subjects



VOLUME II: SOCIETY, INSTITUTIONS AND DEVELOPMENT

List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Contributors

Introduction


PART I: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND CAPABILITIES
1: Inter-Country Comparisons of Income Poverty Based on a Capability Approach by Sanjay G. Reddy, Sujata Visaria and Muhammad Asali
2: The Capability Approach and Political Economy of Human Development by Amiya Kumar Bagchi
3: India-China: "The Art of Prolonging Life" by Lincoln C. Chen
4: Sustainable Human Well-being: An Interpretation of Capability Enhancement from a 'Stakeholders and Systems' Perspective by Kanchan Chopra
5: Human Rights and Human Development by Sakiko Fukuda-Parr
6: Entitlements and Capabilities: Young People in Post-industrial Wales by Jocelyn Kynch
7: Country Patterns of Behavior on Broader Dimensions of Human Development by Gustav Ranis, Frances Stewart and Emma Samman
8: Poverty and Famines: An Extension by Ashutosh Varshney

PART II: GENDER AND THE HOUSEHOLD
9: Engaging with Sen on Gender Relations: Cooperative Conflicts, False Perceptions and Relative Capabilities by Bina Agarwal
10: Family Ties, Incentives and Development: A Model of Coerced Altruism by Ingela Alger and Jörgen W. Weibull
11: From "Harmony" to "Cooperative Conflicts" Amartya Sen's Contribution to Household Theory by Lourdes Beneria
12: Famine, Widowhood, and Paid Work: Seeking Gender Justice in South Asia by Martha Alter Chen
13: Time and Income: Empirical Evidence on Gender Poverty and Inequalities from a Capability Perspective by Enrica Chiappero Martinetti
14: Death and Gender in Victorian England by Jane Humphries and Kirsty McNay
15: Missing Women: Some Recent Controversies on Levels and Trends in Gender Bias in Mortality by Stephan Klasen

PART III: GROWTH, POVERTY AND POLICY
16: Challenges of Economic Development in Punjab by Isher Ahluwalia
17: Growth, Distribution and Inclusiveness: Reflections on India's Experience by Montek Ahluwalia
18: Economic Reforms, Poverty and Inequality in China and India by Pranab Bardhan
19: Economics, Ethics and Climate Change by Simon Dietz, Cameron Hepburn, and Nicholas Stern
20: Has Development and Employment through Labour Intensive Industrialization Become History? By Rizwanul Islam
21: Imposed Environmental Standards and International Trade by Robert M. Solow


PART IV: SOCIETY, POLITICS AND HISTORY
22: Pondering Poverty, Fighting Famines: Towards a New History of Economic Ideas by Sugata Bose
23: Identity, Violence and the Power of Illusion by Jonathan Glover
24: Freedom and Equality: From Iqbal's Philosophy to Sen's Ethical Concerns by Ayesha Jalal
25: Protective Security or Protection Rackets? War and Sovereignty by Mary Kaldor
26: Democracy and its Indian Pasts by Sunil Khilnani
27: The Clash Within: Democracy and the Hindu Right by Martha C. Nussbaum
28: Engaging with Impossibilities and Possibilities by Elinor Ostrom
29: Agents into Principals: Democratizing Development in South Asia by Rehman Sobhan

Index of Names
Index of Subjects

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