Author: Chob Singh VermaPublisher: KonarkYear: 2004Language: EnglishPages: 315ISBN/UPC (if available): 8122006639
India in the 18th Century underwent a very turbulent phase. The mighty Mughal empire had started slowly decaying form the very dawn of this eventful Century. Warring indigenous powers like the Marathas and the Rajputs were quite well-known then. But an altogether different and relatively unknown power-the Jats-began making an impact which was felt and noticed by the Indian polity. The powerful elements at the imperial court found it expedient to win over the Jats in order to retain power and rejuvenate the declining empire. From this very volatile and martial race emerged the most powerful Indian potentate, Maharaja Suraj Mal, who occupied a key-position in the political affairs of contemporary Hindustan. The Jats played an important role in the annals of the later Mughal period of Indian history. Most historians for a long time ignored this obscure race and its heroes. But some very extraordinary heroics by them compelled later historians to take note.. The true role of Jats has never been highlighted, or chronicled in a holistic method. A humble attempt has been made through this book to present a chronological rise of the Jats from their position as tillers of others’ fields to becoming rulers of a vast tract of land. Hope this treatise will prove a treasure-house for students of history, travelers, and tourists and of course the bird watchers!The simple and down-to-earth Jat peasants of Braj Mandal were happy ploughing their fields, till persecution and oppression by the Mughal nobility turned them into rebels. To safeguard their individual liberty and social honour the Jats took to swords and guns. They first built mud-forts and gradually, brick by brick raised grand palaces and forts, which soon proved the enemy cannon balls ineffective.The Jats acquired the very land which they had been ploughing as tenants. Propelled onto the centre stage of north Indian polity in the mid-18th century, they succeeded in carving out a kingdom for themselves and choose their king. An absorbing saga of a race which progressed from being mere tillers of their masters lands to adorning the royal throne right next to the Mughal seat of power. A riveting and fascinating story of 18th century Hindustan’s political life. An inspiring chronicle of the gradual yet phenomenal rise of the fabled royal house of Bharatpur.
PREFACELohagarh: The Invincible Fort of IndiaThe People: Tribal, Enterprising and Sons of the SoilThe beginning of an unchartered journey towards freedom and kingdomForming an identity and the phenomenal emergence of leadershipEvolution of a State Power: The Foundation of the Ruling House of BharatpurThe Matrimony and Progeny of Raja Badan SinghSuraj Mal: The Great Strategist of the Jat Tribe The Great Siege of Kumher: A Clash of TitansTwist and Turns of Events after the Kumher SiegeSuraj Mal’s Disappointment with the Maratha Chief-The Prelude to PanipatExpansion of Suraj Mal’s Power, Conquest of Haryana and Life’s Last BattleLegacy of Suraj MalNahar Singh: Suraj Mal’s BenjaminThe Great Siege and Fall of Deeg (May 1775-April 1776) An Unparalleled but Failed British Siege of Bharatpur (1805)The Last Siege and Fall of Bharatpur-Hindustan’s Pride and Glory CrumblesAn Extended Fraternity-The Brethren States of Mursan and HathrasMovers and Shakers of Bharatpur StateRani Kishori-A Pillar and Guardian of Bharatpur StateThe European Generals in Bharatpur ArmyThe Naga Sannyasis or Gosains and the Bharatpur StateThe Important Milestones of Bharatpur StateMewat-A Fascinating Zone of TurbulenceBayana-The Burial Place of Many Illustrious MenWair-An Oasis of Eastern RajasthanThe Memorials of Bharatpur Rulers at Govardhan and VrindabanDeeg-A Historicla City of Gardens and Water-palacesBharatpur Bird’ Sanctuary-A Birdwatcher’s DelightRegalia FantasiaAPPENDICESNames of Suraj Mal’s Brother in Alphabetical OrderGenealogy of Bharatpur RulersThe Later MughalsBibliographyIndex