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Author: P V Sharma
Publisher: Chaukhambha Orientalia
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8176370118
Ayurveda ( the sceince of life) is one of the branches of the Vedas. It is regarded as upaveda of Rgveda or Atharvaveda but, really speaking, it is a stream of the knowledge coming down from generation to generation since enternity parallel to the vedic literature. It is taken as eternal because nobody knows when it was not here. All this shows its long tradition and deep attachment to the Indian culture.
As the knowledge advanced, Ayurveda was divided into eight specialities:
Kayacikitsa (Internal medicine)
Salakya (pertaining to diseases of supra-clavicular region)
Kaumarabhrtya (pediatrics inclduing obstertics and gynaecology)
Bhutavidya (pertaining to micro-organisms or spirits)
Rasayana (promotive therapy)
Vajikarana (pertaining to aphrodisiacs)
According to the narrative given in the Caraka Samhita, the traditiion of Ayurveda started right from Brahma and passed through Daksa Prajapati and Indra to Bharadwaja who handed it down to Atreya. Atreya discussed the topics of medicine with the scholar-sages in different symposia organised in different parts of the country and formulated the basic concepts accordingly. He had six illustrious disciples - Agnivesa, Bhela, Jatukarna, Parasara, Harita and Ksarapoani. Of them Agnivesa was the most brilliant one who documented the precepts of his teacher faithfully in his compendium known as Agnivesa-tantra.
The other disciples followed him and composed their own compendiums but the Agnivesatantra was always the most popular text representing the School of Atreya (or medicne). Afterwards it was refined and enlarged by Caraka when it began to be known as the Caraka Samhita.
The present text of the Caraka Samhita read all over the world today is the Agnivesa-tantra as refined by Caraka and later redacted by Drdhabala, a Kashmiri scholar. The value of this work is further enhanced by the fact that it is the only text available in complete form where as other contemporary Samhitas such as of Jatukarna, Parasara etc. perished, that of Behela is incomplete and that of Harita is dragged into controversy.
Thus any scholar desirous to know about the fundamentals of Ayurveda and its approach to life, health and disease has essentially to take resort to the study of this text unique in depth and divergence. Historically too, it is quite interesting. Like an archaeological edifice, if it is dug into one would come across three distinct strate of authorship ascribed to Agnivesa, Caraka and Drdhabala in successive order.
The material of the text has been arranged in the following sections and chapters in this 4-volume compendium
01 Sutrasthana 30 Chapters
02 Nidanasthana 8 Chapters
03 Vimanasthana 8 Chapters
04 Sarirasthana 8 Chapters
05 Indriyasthana 12 Chapters
06 Cikitsitasthana 30 Chapters
07 Kalpasthana 12 Chapters
08 Siddhisthana 12 Chapters
VOLUME III & IV
Critical notes incorporating the view of following four commentators on the above 8 Sections and 120 chapters.
Volume IV also carries a section on medicinal plants of the Caraka-Samhita. It contains discussion on plants based on the four comms taken for study in the critical notes.
1. QUADRUPLET ON DRUGS
On seeds of Apamarga etc.
On Aragvadha etc.
On Location of Six Hundred Evacuatives
2. QUADRUPLET ON THE HEALTHY
On Quantity of diet etc.
On One’s diet etc.
On Non-suppression of Urges etc.
On Introductory description of Sense Organs
QUADRUPLET ON BASIC PRECEPTS
On Small Quadruple
On Great Quadruple
On Three Desires etc.
On Merits and Demerits of Vata etc.
QUADRUPLET ON PREPARATION
On Arrangement of Equipments etc.
On the Physician equipped for treatment etc.
5. QUADRUPLET ON DISEASE
On the number of head disease etc.
On three swellings etc.
On eight abdominal diseases etc.
On major diseases
6. QUADRUPLET ON PLANNING (OF NUTRITION)
On the eight despicable etc.
On reducing and promoting measures
On Over-Saturation etc.
On properly formed blood etc.
On the orign of person etc.
On the discussion among Atreya, Bhadrakapya etc.
On the types of food and drinks
On various food and drinks etc.
On ten seats of vital breath
On great vessels of heart etc.
SECTION TWO: Nindanasthanam
On Diagnosis of Jwara (fever)
On Diagnosis of Raktapitta (internal haemorrhage)
On diagnosis of gluma
On diagnosis of Prameha (Disorders of Urine)
On diagnosis of Kustha (Leprosy)
On diagnosis of sosa (phthisis)
On diagnosis of unmada (insanity)
On dianosis of apasmara (epilepsy)
SECTION THREE: Vimanasthanam
On specific features of Rasa
On Specific features of threefold belly
On specific features of epidemics
On specific features of the threefold sources of knowledge about disease characters
On specific features of srotas (channels)
On specific features of the groups of diseases
On specific features ofthe diseased etc.
On specific features of therapeutics of diseases
SECTION FOUR: Sarirasthanam
On the types of personal self etc.
Begining with Different clan
On Descent of embryo
On development of foetus
On detailed knowledge about the person
On detailed knowledge of human body
On Enumeration of body parts
On principles of procreation
SECTION FIVE: Indriyasthanam
On complexion and voice
On flowered person
On palpable entities
On sense organs
On prodromal signs
On Physical abnormalities
On shadow and lustre
Certain fatal conditions relating to eyes, nose, teeth etc.
On blakish sign etc.
On signs of sudden death
On poor digestion etc.
On Cowdung-like powder etc.
SECTION SIX - Cikitsathanam
On Rasayana (promotive treatment)
On Vajikarana (aphrodisiac welfare)
On treatment of Jwara
On treatment of raktapitta (internal haemorrhage)
On treatment of gulma (abdominal lump)
On treatment of Prameha
On treatment of Kustha (Leprosy and other skin disorders)
On treatment of Rajayaksma
On treatment of unmada (insanity)
on treatment of apasmara (epilepsy)
On treatment of ksata-ksina (wounded in chest and wasted)
on treatment of Svayathu (swelling)
on treatment of Udara (Abdorminal diseases)
On treatment of arsa piles)
On treatment of Grahani disorder
on treatment of panduroga (anemia)
on treatment of Hikka (Hiccup) and Svasa (Dyspnoea)
on treatment of Kasa (cough)
on treatment of Atisara (Diarrhoea)
On treatment of Chardi (Vomiting)
On tretment of Visarpa (Erysipleas)
On tretment of Trsna (polydipsia)
On treatment of Visa (Poisoning)
On treatment of madatyaya (alcoholism)
On treatmednt of two types of vrana (wound)
On treatment of the disorders of Tjhree vital organs
on treatment of Urustambha
on treatment of vatavyadhi
obn treatment of Vatarakta
CHAPTER XXX On treatment of yoni vyapat (disorders of female genital tract)
SECTION 7 - Kalpasthanam
On Pharmaceuticasl preparations of Madana
On pharmaceutical preparations of Jimuta
On pharmaceutical preparations of Iksvaku
On pharmaceutical preparationsof Dhamargava
On pharmaceutical preparation of Vatsaka
on pharmaceutical preparations of Krtavedhana
on pharmaceutical poreparations of Syama and trivrt
on pharmaceutical preparations of caturangula
on pharmaceutical preparations of Tilvaka
On pharmaceutical preparation of Sudha (snuhi)
On pharmaceutical preparations of Saptala and Sankhini
CHAPTER XII On pharmaceutical preparations of Danti and Dravanti
SECTION 8 - Siddhisthanam
On successful preparation
On successful management of pancakarma
On principles of successful (application of) enemation
On successful managment of unctuous enema
On successful management of the complication of nozzle and enema pouch
on successful management of the complications of emasis and purgation
on successful management of the complications of enema
On successful management with formulatiions in terms of prasrta
On successful management of the (disorders related to) three vital parts
On successful application of basti (enemas)
On successful dose of (the enema prepared with) fruits
On successful management of post-enematic conditions
Names of sages, gods and authors
Flora of the Caraka Samhita
Fauna of the Caraka Samhita
In organic Substances
Groups of Drugs
Pharmaceutical processes and preparations
Apparatus, Utensils and Accessories
Weights and Measures
Dietary items and preparations
Geographical divisions and terms
Terms Relating to Action
Pathological conditions and Syndromes
Terms relating to Therapeutics
Some important formulations