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Author: Dr Abdollah Shayanrad
Publisher: Adam Publishers
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788174357182
This book discusses the concept of God in Hinduism and Islam. It starts with talking about the concept of God from the viewpoint of Hindu Religion. In the course of discussion, it gives the views of various scholars of Hinduism. It further goes on to give the views of western scholars and talks of the differences between these differing views.
This is followed by discussion on the concept of God in Islam. Individuated and Non-individuated God from Islamic point of view are analyzed and conclusion is drawn. In the last, comparison is drawn between the concept of God in Islam and Hinduism and the discussion is broadened to dwell on individuated and Non-individuated God in Islam and Hindu religion; their similarities and differences highlighted.
From the Book Preface:
This book discusses the concept of God in Hinduism and Islam. It starts with talking about the concept of God from the viewpoint of Hindu Religion. In the course of discussion it gives the views of various scholars of Hinduism including those like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Sri Aurobindo and G. Dumezil. It further goes on to give the views of western scholars like Max Mullar regarding the gods of Hindu religion and talks of the differences between these differing views.
Subsequently he gives the views of Rama Krishna, Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore and Dr. Radhakrishnan. This is followed by a discussion on Brahman, the difference between Brahman as an individuated God and non-individuated God and then talks of relationship of Brahman with gods as well as its relationship with Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma discussed.
This is followed by discussion on the concept of God in Islam. The writer talks of God and His attributes mentioned in the Holy Quran and tells that Islam talks about the Oneness of God. The various names of the One God are talked about as well as His attributes. It is mentioned that the names and attributes of God occurring in the Holy Quran are 127.
This is followed by the second part in which God is analyzed in the state of existence and after giving definition of an individuated God and Holy verses concerning this and also about Absolute Purity of the Names of God are mentioned. The idioms and terms related to Names of God, and the idioms and terms related to Pantheism have also been discussed.
Subsequently, the subject of Non-individuated God is talked about. Contrary to Individuated God, Non-Individuated God, is not one of the beings i.e., does not have any alien. The other being is like him and he is not alien to all other beings. Between Him and all other beings, there is no contradiction or attachment and unity exists between Him and other beings.
Here individuated and Non-individuated God from Islamic point of view are analyzed and conclusion is drawn that Islam does not believe in Personification of God. Similarities are drawn between non-individuated God, in Hinduism and Islam.
Last, but on the least, comparison is drawn between the concept of God in Islam and Hinduism and the discussion is broadened to dwell on Individuated and Non-individuated God in Islam and Hindu religion; their similarities and differences highlighted. It is concluded that Individuated God (Brahman) has lot of common with that in Islam, but Individuated ‘Gods’ concept is quite different.
Need, Background and the Method of Research
Introduction of Hinduism and its sacred texts
Introduction to Islam and its sacred scripture
CHAPTER 1: CONCEPT OF GOD FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF HINDUISM
1.1 Part One: Concept of personified God
1.1.1 A. Introduction of major Vedic and later Hindu Gods
1.1.2 B. Theological system of Hindu religion
1.1.3 C. Different views about Hindu Gods
1.2. Part Two: Concept of Brahman (Concept of N on-Personified God)
1.2.1 A. Exact image of Brahman in Vedic texts
1.2.2 B. The relationship of Brahman with man, universe and other Hindu Gods
1.2.3 C. Non-Personification of Brahman
1.2.4 D. The expanse of absolute purifying aspect of the Brahman (Nirguna)
1.2.5 E. Absolute praise and quality of Brahman two angles of Brahman
1.2.6. F. Hindu idea of Pantheism
CHAPTER 2: STUDY OF ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF GOD
2.1. A. God with status of attributes (Attributes and acts of God in theHoly Quran and Narrations)
2.1.1 Names and attributes
2.2. B. Relationship of existentialism of God with Human being and the world (God as the creator)-Relationship of man and God in the Holy Quran
2.2.1. Concept and meaning of creation
2.3. C. Personification and individuation of God in Holy Quran and definition of individuated and personified God
2.3.1 Definition of individuated God
2.3.2. Human attributes holy verses referring to human lines of God
2.4. D. Inviolability and similitude of God in the Holy Quran
2.5. E. God in the state of existence
2.6. F. God Equivalent to Truth (Haq)
CHAPTER 3: COMPARISON OF CONCEPT OF GOD IN ISLAM AND HINDUISM
3.1. Concept of Personal and Non-Personal God in Islam and Hinduism
3.1.1 A. Non-Personal God (God in the State of Zaat or Being/Brahman in the Nirguna State)
3.1.2. B. Personified God
3.1.3. C. Unconditional Personified God: