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Author: V M Sirsikar
Nirmal Mukarji/Several Contributors
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): T. R. Raghunandan
Publisher: Orient BlackSwan
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788125048831
The idea of devolving power to local governments was part of the larger political debate during the Indian national movement. It had strong advocates like Mahatma Gandhi who felt that the panchayats had to be the basis of government in independent India. This volume maps the trajectory that decentralization of government has taken in the decades following Independence and discusses the constitutional changes and policy decisions that make governance more accountable to and accessible for the common man. It presents a set of twenty-five readings that analyse the impact of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments, which gave autonomy to the institutions of both rural and urban governance.Readings on the Economy, Polity and Society This series is being published as part of a University Grants Commission project to promote teaching and research in the social sciences in India. The project (2010–12) has been jointly executed by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, and the Economic and Political Weekly. The series is meant to introduce university students and research scholars to important research that has been published in EPW in specific areas. The journal has, over the decades, published a large number of research papers in all the social sciences. The readers draw on this archive of EPW’s published articles. The titles—in economics, politics, sociology and the environment—reflect EPW’s strengths as well as the interests of the academic community. Each set of readings is compiled by a senior academic who has also written an introductory essay for the volume. TISS and EPW are grateful to the authors of the articles included here for permission to reprint them.The Editor:T. R. Raghunandan is a former Joint Secretary, Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. He is currently a consultant for anti-corruption movements and an advocate of decentralized governance.
ContentsList of Tables, Figures and Maps Introduction by T. R. Raghunandan 1. Political Role of Panchayati Raj by V. M. Sirsikar2. Decentralisation Below the State Level Need for a New System of Governance by Nirmal Mukarji 3. Decentralised Planning An Overview of Experience and Prospects by C. H. Hanumantha Rao 4. Panchayati Raj Bill The Real Flaw by B. K. Chandrashekar5. Perspectives: Panchayats versus Multinationals Case of Du Pont by Norma Alvares 6. Women in Panchayati Raj Grass Roots Democracy in Malgudi by Poornima Vyasulu and Vinod Vyasulu 7. Democracy and Social Capital in Central Himalayas Tale of Two Villages by Niraja Gopal Jayal 8. Panchayati Raj The Way Forward by Mani Shankar Aiyar9. Grass Roots Politics and ‘Second Wave of Decentralisation’ in Andhra Pradesh by Benjamin Powis 10. Networks of Panchayat Women Civil Society Space for Political Action by Amitabh Beharand Yamini Aiyar11. Poverty Alleviation Efforts of Panchayats in West Bengal by PranabBardhan and DilipMookherjee 12. Experiment with Direct Democracy Time for Reappraisal by Amitabh Behar13. Building Budgets from Below by Ahalya S. Bhat, Suman Kolhar, Aarathi Chellappa and H. Anand14. Impact of Reservation in Panchayati Raj Evidence from a Nationwide Randomised Experiment by Raghabendra Chattopadhyay and EstherDuflo 15. Law of Two-Child Norm in Panchayats Implications, Consequences and Experiences by Nirmala Buch 16. Federalism, Urban Decentralisation and Citizen Participation by Ramesh Ramanathan 17. Fiscal Decentralisation to the Sub-State Level Governments by M. A. Oommen 18. Functional Devolution to Rural Local Bodies in Four States by Indira Rajaraman, Darshy Sinha 19. Neighbourhood Associations and Local Democracy Delhi Municipal Elections 2007 by Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal 20. Expanding the Resource Base of Panchayats Augmenting Own Revenues by M. Govinda Rao, U. A. Vasanth Rao 21. Women in Power? Gender, Caste and the Politics of Local Urban Governance by Mary E. John 22. Revenue Efforts of Panchayats Evidence from Four States by Pratap Ranjan Jena, Manish Gupta 23. Local Democracy and ClientelismImplications for Political Stability in Rural West Bengal by PranabBardhan, SandipMitra, DilipMookherjee, AbhirupSarkar24. Limits of a ‘Devolution Index’ by M. A. Oommen 25. Beyond Feminine Public Altruism Women Leaders in Kerala’s Urban Bodies by J. Devika, Binitha V. ThampiList of Authors