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Dramatic Concepts - Greek and Indian
Dramatic Concepts - Greek and Indian

Dramatic Concepts - Greek and Indian

by Bharat Gupt

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Product ID:18575

Language

English

Publisher

D K Printworld

ISBN

81224600252 - Year: 2006 - Pages: 295

Binding

Hardcover

Bharat Gupt

Author: Bharat Gupt
Publisher: D K Printworld
Year: 2006
Language: English
Pages: 295
ISBN/UPC (if available): 81224600252

Description

This study offers a fresh approach in comparing ancient Greek and Indian dramatic theories. Instead of treating the Poetics and the Natyashastra as Western and Eastern viewpoints, it places them within the broad framework of ancient Indo-European culture and the art of sacred drama (hieropraxis). It demonstrates that hieropraxis was basically different from post-Renaissance European drama which was entirely secular in content and Realistic in presentation. The Poetics and the Natyashastra on the contrary, belonged to theatres which pleased both gods and men, and which used semiotised gesture, dance, music, and dialogue to create a highly ornate theatrical reality.

The book aims at comparing not only the concepts as propounded by Aristotle and Bharata Muni, but also attempts to reconstruct the Greek and Indian performances to highlight their similarities and differences. In view of the increasing constrains imposed on artistic endeavours by commercial pre-occupations in today’s world, this stimulating revaluation of the two major classical stage-crafts will go a long way in the discerning and shaping of newer modes of performance. Concepts like anukarana, dharmi, abhinaya, itivritta, mimesis, muthos, melopoiia, katharsis and rasa, etc., as revisited and expounded here, can be seen as means of creating dramatic shows which go beyond message and entertainment to provide sublimer experiences.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

BHARAT GUPT, Reader (Associate Professor) in English, College of Vocational Studies, University of Delhi, holds two Master’s degrees, one from St. Stephen’s College, Delhi and another from Toronto. He did this doctoral research at the M.S. University of Baroda. He was taught sitar and surbahar by Pandit Uma Shankar Mishra and musicology and classics by Acarya Brhaspati. Trained both in modern and traditional educational systems, he is also on the Visiting Faculty of National School of Drama, Delhi. For his interest in media studies he was awarded a Fellowship to work at the McLuhan Program, University of Toronto. Author of several research articles, he has presented many papers at various international seminars. His forthcoming books are: Natyashastra, Chapter 28: Ancient Scales of Indian Music. (2) Natya Siddhanta: Greek Evam Bharatiya. (Hindi version of the present book). (3) Natyashastra, Chapter 17: A Critique of Theatrical Polyglossia. (4) Natyashastra Chapters 29-36, Trans. into Hindi with Commentary. (5) Dibbuk ki Prem Katha, Trans. into Hindi with Introduction, of Anskey’ Dibbuk.

Contents

PREFACE

PART I: ANCIENT DRAMA AS HIEROPRAXIS

1. INTRODUCTION
Ancient Drama as Hieropraxis
Unification of Speech, Gesture and Dance in Hieropraxis
Departure from Hieropraxis
Growth of European Drama as Word-Centered Performance
Christian Bias Against Transformation
Elimination of Dance and Music
Rise of Portraiture
Social Reformism
The Poetics and the Natyashastra as Systems of Performance

2. THE DATE OF THE NATYASHASTRA
The Sanskrit of the NSH
The Antiquity of Dasharupakas
Musical Instruments in the NSH
Gandharvas and Gandharva
Pre-Epic Themes of Early Drama
The NSH and the Ramayana
The NSH and the Mahabharata
The Prose Passages in the NSH
The NSH as Antedating Kautilya, Vatsyayana and Amarakosha
The NSH as a Compilation
Bharata Muni, a Person not a ‘Tradition’
Later Growth of the NSH

3. INDO-EUROPEAN BELIEFS IN GREEK AND INDIAN DRAMA

Miasma-Katharsis or Shauca-Ashauca
The Gift of Vitality
Ancestor Worship and Burial Customs
Protection to the Supplicant
The Power of Oath
Oracles and Curses
Some Other Common Beliefs

4. DRAMA AS FESTIVE RITUAL

Drama and Ritual
The Nucleus of Dance in Greek Theatre
Audience Participation
Origin of Indian Drama
Indian Festive Setting
Community Involvement

PART II: CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES

5. BASIC CONCEPTS OF ARISTOTLE AND BHARATA MUNI: A REASSESSMENT

6. THEORY OF IMITATION
The Concept of Anukarana

7. MEDIUM OF IMITATION
Rhythm, Language, and Harmony
The Indian Medium of Anukarana
Abhinaya of Four Kinds
Angika Abhinaya
Head Movements
Hand Postures
Breast, Belly and Leg Movements
Leg Postures or Cari
Gatipracara or Gait
Verbal Abhinaya
Sattvika Abhinaya
Aharya Abhinaya
Kinds of Aharya
The Unification of Four Abhinayas or Samanikarana

8. A COMPARISON OF GREEK AND INDIAN THEATRICAL SPACE

Hieropraxic Division of Space
The Greek Performance Space
The Effect of the Mask on Theatron Size
The Indian Performance Space
Space for Musical Activity
Dance Space
Division of Acting Area, or Kakshya Vibhaga
Open Theatres

9. THE VISUAL CONTENT
Greek Gesture and Dance
Orchestral Activity
Greek Choreology
Greek Dance Genres
Theatrical Dances
Unification of Dance with Words
Visual Content in Indian Drama

10. THE AURAL CONTENT
Lexis
Rhythm and Tone
Melopoiia: The Greek Musical System
Application in Theatre
The Vagabhinaya Concept
Pathya
Prose-Verse Dialogue in Indian Drama
Elements of Dialogue or Pathya
Gana or Dhruva Songs
Gandharva
Dianoia

11. DRAMATIC GENRES AND PLAY STRUCTURES
The Serious and the Trivial
Dasharupakas
The Four Vrittis
Significance of Dasharupakas
Play Structure
Itivritta
Ethos and Nayakas
Ethos
Nayakas and Nayikas

PART III
TRANSFORMATION AND EMOTIONAL AROUSAL

12. TRANSFORMATION AND EMOTIONAL AROUSAL
Transformation of Reality
Lokadharmi and Natyadharmi
Transformation for Emotional Arousal
Emotional Arousal in Greek Theory
Indian System of Emotional Arousal
Vibhavas and Anubhavas
Katharsis and Hedone
The Rasa Concept
Lollata’s Analysis
Shankuka’s Analysis
Bhattanayaka’s Analysis
Abhinavagupta’s Analysis
Samyuktivada
Katharsis and Rasa

EPILOGUE

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

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