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Author: Anand Teltumbde
Editor(s): Anand Teltumbde
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8185604754
Why did Dalits join forces with the Hindu Right that unleashed the terrible pogrom in Gujarat against the Muslims in 2002? Why indeed are Dalits, the primary targets of the Hindu caste system, prepared to ally with Hindutva, the programme of the ultra right political forces in India based on a fascist ideology and majoritarian communal identity? Yet an alliance has been forged between the two over the past few years.
As the editor, Anand Teltumbde, asks, How could Dalits forget the history of their persecution and help the very forces that persecuted them in accomplishing the latter’s fascist agenda? The Hindutva forces have also engaged effectively with the Adivasi populations, encouraging he Hinduizing of their beliefs and customs, providing social welfare, binding hem in a political alliance. The book offers a provocative analysis of why both Dalits and Adivasis are drawn to Hindutva.
Teltumbde and the contributors discuss the political, economic and social aspects of contemporary India to point to why those belonging to the same exploited classes, like he Dalits, Christians and Muslims, have been made to turn against each other because of ideological influences, Politically, the enormous significance of the fluctuating alliance between the Bahujan Samaj Party and the Bharatiya Janata Party has shown that Dalit leaders have preferred to rely on the gains of political power rather than on the old-style cultural and social progressive movements that aimed to improve the Dalits sense of self-hood and dignity. Increasingly, the political arithmetic of power, as seen in Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, has provided real gains as well as serious losses.
The book is divided into two parts-the first, comprising eight essays, seeks to provide theoretical and historical perspectives on Hindutva and the Dalits. The second part, also of eight essays, analyses the situation in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, where the focus is on Hindutva’s programme to the Adivasis, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
Thus there are thought-provoking discussions on the politics of the Bahujan Samaj Party, Jats versus Dalits in Punjab, the relatively new political development of Bhimshakti and Shivshakti (unity of the Dalits and the Shiv Sena) in Maharashtra, and the rise of Hindutva in Tamil Nadu, where the Dravidian movement has declined as a progressive force. The very different experiences of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and the Adivasis of Wyanad, Kerala, are analysed. The discussion on Hindutva and women, especially Dalit women, is particularly acute.
The views presented do not offer a consensus simply because none exists. A path-breaking and incisive analysis of Hindutva, this book makes an invaluable contribution to the current debate and takes it forward.
It is a unique book in many ways, which might defy familiar academic classification. Its contributions come from a typical mix of academicians and activists and it is edited by a person who represents the best combination of both academics and activism. It coverage has been comprehensive and balanced insofar as it deals with both conceptual and practical issues. I have thoroughly enjoyed reading this book. I am sure readers will find it informative, illuminating as well provocative. I hope it gets widely read and generates a healthy discussion on this contemporary development in India society.
-Dr Bhalchandra Mungeka, Member, Planning Commission, Government of India.
In recent times a disturbing parallelism in politics has emerged in the form of Hindutva politics and Dalit politics. The former claiming to be inclusive under the banner of Hindu unity has remained in practice as a model of hierarchical integration rather than egalitarian integration. It has posed a serious challenge to Dalit politics, which appeared as limiting mobility-aspirations to Dalits themselves. These two streams have been brought into a dialectical relationship with the mergence of the coalition era, and Dalit politics is poised to emerge as a balancing force. Whether this balancing force remains secular or goes with the communal forces remains as an open question. This book grapples with these and other issues. A rewarding experience for readers.
-Prof D L Sheth, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi
The essays collected in this volume, written, by activists and scholars, enquire into the ideological, social, cultural and political life of Dalits and explore the new ways in which they can envision their future. I hope that these essays would initiate serious debate about the issues they have brought to the fore.
–Dr K M Panikkar, Vice Chancellor, Sri Shankaracharya Sanskrit University
K N PANIKKAR
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
PART I-THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
Dalits in the Theory and Practice of Hindutva
Hindutva, Dalits and the Neoliberal Order
The Dalits and Hindutva-Gainers and Losers
Hindutva’s Social Engineering-Particiption of Dalits in the Anti-Muslim Pogrom, Gujarat 2002
Between Her Legs-Hindutva and Dalit Women
Hindutva-Historicity of Dalit Connection
Dalits Face a Culture threat Both from With and Without
Dalit-Hindutva Alliance and the Dynanmics of Dalit Politics
PART II-HINDUTVA IN OPERATION
Subverting the Sudra-Ati-Sudra Revolution-The Uttar Pradesh Way
Maharshtra-Dalit Politics in the Hindutva Trap
No Exit? Dalits, Hindutva and the Dravidian Movement
Contesting Exclusions-Dalits and Reconstructins of religious Identities in Punjab
Hindutva and Dalits in Andhra Pradesh
K S CHALAM
Hindutva’s Influence in Dalits-The Case of Karnataka
Gujarat-In Search of Answers
ANAND TELTUMBDE AND SUBHASH GATADE
The Sangh Parivar’s Initiatives in the Tribal Belt of Wyanad in Kerala
T K RAMCHANDRAN AND P T JOHN