Author: A L BashamPublisher: Motilal BanarsidassYear: 2002Language: EnglishPages: 336ISBN/UPC (if available): 8120812042
The book presents the history and the Doctrines of the Ajivikas who formed a third heretical sect besides the sect of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism and that of Mahavira Vardhamana, the twenty-fourth Tirthankara of the Jainas. The three heterodox sects react against the ritualistic creed of the Vedists. The cult of Ajivikas was founded by Makkhali Gosal, the contemporary of Mahavira Vardhamana, on the basis of strict determinism with a belief in the all-embracing rule of Niyati (principle of order). According to Gosal, it was Niyati which ultimately governed our action, controlled phenomena and left no room for human volition. It will through new height on an interesting and significant aspect of India's past, and will encourage further research. This book is divided into fifteen chapters discussing elaborately different aspects of the subject matter. The comprehensive Bibliography and Index are the added features for the researchers for comparative as well as further study of yet unexplored areas.
FOREWORD/PROF. SATYA RANJAN BANERJEEFOREWORD/DR. L.D. BARNETTPREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITIONPart I : HISTORY OF THE AJIVIKAS :1. Introduction :i. The Historical Background to the Rise of Ajivikism2. The Six Heretics :i. The Record of the Samanna-phala Suttaii. Other Buddhist References to the Doctrines of the Heretics3. Makkhali Gosala and his Predecessors :i. Ajivika Leaders before Makkhali Gosalaii. Nanda Vaccha and Kisa Sankiccaiii. The Immediate Predecessors of Makkhali Gosalaiv. Makkhali Gosalav. Birth of Makkhali Gosalavi. The Meeting of Gosala with Mahaviravii. The Peregrinations of the Two Asceticsviii. Gosala and the Sesamum Plantix. Gosala and Vesiyayanax. Gosala Attains Magical Power and becomes the Leader of the Ajivikas4. The Last Days of Makkhali Gosala :i. The Six Disacarasii. Gosala is Exposed by Mahavlraiii. Gosala Visits Mahavlraiv. Gosala's Deliriumv. Ayampula Visits Gosalavi. Gosala's Repentance and Deathvii. The Date of Gosala's Deathviii. The Name and Titles of Makkhali Gosala5. Purana and Pakudha :i. Purana Kassapaii. The Death of Puranaiii. Pakudha Kaccayana6. The Early Ajivika Community (I) :i. The Wandering Philosophersii. Etymology of the Term Ajivikaiii. The Ajivika Initiationiv. Ajivika Nudityv. Ajivika Asceticismvi. The Ajivika Sabhavii. Song and Dance7. The Early Ajivika Community (II) :i. Begging and Dietary Practicesii. Accusations of Worldliness and Immoralityiii. The Final Penanceiv. Ajivika Laymenv. Relations between Ajivikas and Buddhistsvi. Relations between Ajivikas and Jainas8. Ajivikas in the Nanda and Maukya Periods :i. Mahapadmaii. Ajivikism in Maurya Timesiii. The Barabar and Nagarjuni Caves9. Ajivikas in Later Times :i. References in Sanskrit Literatureii. Varahamihira and Utpalaiii. Silanka and the Trairasikasiv. Nemicandra on the Ajivikasv. Lexicographical Referencesvi. The Last References to Ajivikas10. The Southern Ajivikas :i. The Inscriptionsii. Ajivikas in Tamil Literatureiii. Appendix to Part I - The Iconoclast Ascetics of KashmirPart II : DOCTRINES OF THE AJIVIKAS :11. Ajivika Scriptures :i. The Mahanimittas, the Maggas, and the Onpatu-katirii. Pali and Prakrit Quotationsiii. Quotations by the Commentators12. NIYATI :i. Niyativada Dialecticii. The Development of the Niyati Doctrine13. Ajivika Cosmology :i. The Categories of the Samanna-phala Suttaii. The Eight Last Thingsiii. The Six Inevitablesiv. Other Ajivika Categoriesv. Mandala-moksa14. Other Doctrines of the Ajivikas :i. The Elementsii. Ajivika Atomism in Relation to other Indian Atomic Doctrinesiii. The Souliv. The Godsv. Ajivika Logicvi. The Status of Makkhali Gosala15. Conclusion :i. Summaryii. Dr. Barua's Three Questionsiii. The Influence of the Ajivikasiv. The Place of the Ajivikas in Indian History