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History of Science in India  -  Astronomy
History of Science in India - Astronomy

History of Science in India - Astronomy

by Amitabha Ghosh

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Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture


9789381325414 - Year: 2014 - Pages: 228



Amitabha Ghosh
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Author: Amitabha Ghosh
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): A K Sharma/M G K Menon/H Y Mohanram
Publisher: Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture
Year: 2014
Language: English
Pages: 228
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9789381325414



Astronomy, the science of studying the heavenly objects, has always drawn the attention of mankind from the dawn of human civilization. India, being the land where one of the most ancient civilizations flourished, played a very important role in the formal study of the sky, change of seasons in a cyclic manner during a tropical year, and motion of the stars and planets. Astronomy played an important role not only in matters related to seasons but also in the daily life of the people of India since time immemorial. In fact many of the daily rituals and sacrifices were controlled by astronomical parameters.

Thus, since the last six millennia Indian society has been following astronomical calendars controlled by both the moon and the sun. This led to a more complex luni-solar system being an integral part of Indian astronomy. The development of astronomy in India required development of mathematics that resulted in the ancient Indian mathematics to be the most advanced compared to those in other civilizations.

At a later stage there was considerable interaction with other nations and Indian astronomy progressed along the path of maturity. In medieval Europe astronomy led to the development of physics as most foundational concepts of mechanics evolved from the study of motion of the heavenly bodies.

Though the ancient astronomical texts from India led to the growth of the subject in the Islamic world, India started falling behind because of a number of socio-political reasons including the suppression by foreign rulers till the eighteenth century. In modern times Indian astronomers have again started playing very important roles, and their works have not only enriched the subject but also have helped creating new branches of study related to astronomy.

This introductory text is aimed at general readers and students. There are a number of highly professional and technically rich books on the subject; but it is hoped that this volume will be comparatively easy to comprehend for general readers. At the end, the author feels that this book will help a common reader to get a glimpse of the fascinating subject astronomy that started its journey almost six thousand years ago in the land of Sapta Sindhu.



Publisher’s Note
Editorial Note

Basics of Positional Astronomy
Pre Siddhantic Astronomy
Soddhantic Astronomy
Astronomy in Medieval India
Telescopic Astronomy in India
Special Topics and Concluding Remarks


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