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India-Bangladesh Connectivity - Possibilities and Challenges
India-Bangladesh Connectivity - Possibilities and Challenges

India-Bangladesh Connectivity - Possibilities and Challenges

by Anasua Basu Ray Chaudhury

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Product ID:33444

Language

English

Publisher

Observer Research Foundation

ISBN

N/A - Year: 2015 - Pages: 88

Binding

Paperback

Anasua Basu Ray Chaudhury
Shipping Note: This item usually arrives at your doorstep in 10-15 days

Author: Anasua Basu Ray Chaudhury
Pratnashree Basu/
Publisher: Observer Research Foundation
Year: 2015
Language: English
Pages: 88
ISBN/UPC (if available): N/A

Description

India’s ties with Bangladesh comprise various dimensions: civilisational, cultural, religious, social and economic. The close geographical locations of these two neighbors present an opportunity for both nations to further develop their connectivity’s and, in turn, create a significant impact on their respective economies.

This study is a picture of the existing state of connectivity between India and Bangladesh. It makes an assessment of what has been promised and what has so far been delivered, and provides policy directions for a dense and more productive network of connectivity between these two historically and culturally close neighbors. The study explores physical connectivity’s over land and waterways across the border. It examines the scope for enhancing legal, cross-border trade, along with possibilities for furthering collaboration in the energy sector to help these states to meet the rising demands of their respective territories.

Indeed, road networks and railways constitute an integral part of communication as it enables the smooth operation of trade and commerce. Upgrading existing rail and road links – and establishing new ones – would facilitate interconnection. The importance of land connectivity can be best realized when these links are extended to the nearest ports. Inland waterways hold a lot of potential for achieving multi-modal connectivity. With the view in mind that demand for energy in both countries is high, India can provide able leadership in the formation of a cross-border, sub-regional power grid, which could be beneficial for the larger neighborhood as well. Finally, engaging with all the existing and probable stakeholders at different levels needs to be considered by India and Bangladesh, as it would enhance and streamline not only their bilateral trade but, equally important, people - to - people interactions as well.

Contents

Contents

About the Authors
About the Foundation
Acknowledgements
Preface
List of Abbreviations
List of Maps
List of Tables
An Overview
Introduction

1. Connectivity through Rail and Road: Prospects and Hurdles
1.1 Existing Rail Links between India and Bangladesh
1.2 Proposed Agartala-Akhaura Rail Connectivity
1.3 Proposed Links
1.4 Operational Bus Services
1.4.1 Kolkata-Dhaka Bus Service
1.4.2Dhaka-Agartala Bus Service
1.5 Issues and Prospects

2. Connectivity through Waterways: Scope for Development
2.1 India-Bangladesh Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade at a Glance
2.2 Constraints
2.2.1 Necessity of Dredging
2.2.2 Lack of Assured
2.2.3 Lack of Round-the-clock Navigation Facilities
2.2.4 Lack of Terminal and Cargo Handling Facilities
2.2.5 Shortage of IWT Vessels
2.2.6 Dominance of Bangladeshi Vessels in IWT
2.2.7 One-Way Traffic
2.2.8 Renewal of the Protocol as an Obstacle
2.3 Proposals for Improvement
2.4 Coastal Shipping Agreement between India and Bangladesh

3. Possibilities and Challenges in Energy Trade between India and Bangladesh
3.1 Energy Indicators in India and Bangladesh
3.2 India-Bangladesh Cooperation in Power Sector
3.3 Scope for Energy Trade between India and Bangladesh: Oil and Natural Gas
3.4 Engaging with Bhutan and Nepal
3.5 Road Bumps

4. Border and Border Management
4.1 Irritants in India-Bangladesh Relations
4.1.1 Illegal Migration
4.1.2 Insurgent Camps in Bangladesh
4.1.3 Criminal Activities across the Border
4.1.4 Feminization of Undocumented Migration
4.1.5 Trafficking of Women and Children
4.2 Steps Taken by India
4.3 Borderland and Border Management
4.3.1 A New Milestone: The India-Bangladesh Land Boundary Agreement
4.4 Bilateral Trade
4.4.1 Non-Tariff Barriers
4.4.2 Border Haats
4.4.3 Land Customs Stations
4.5 The Way Forward
4.5.1 Short-term Work Permits: A Logical Way Out

5. Concluding Remarks and Recommendations
5.1 Recommendations to Enhance Connectivity through Road and Rail Links
5.2 Recommendations to Enhance Connectivity through Waterways
5.3 Recommendations for Energy Sector
5.4 Additional Recommendations

Endnotes

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