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India and the Politics of Developing Countries
India and the Politics of Developing Countries

India and the Politics of Developing Countries

by Ashutosh Varshney

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Product ID:14777

Language

English

Publisher

Sage Publications

ISBN

0761932887 - Year: 2004 - Pages: 271

Binding

Paperback

Ashutosh Varshney

Author: Ashutosh Varshney
Publisher: Sage Publications
Year: 2004
Language: English
Pages: 271
ISBN/UPC (if available): 0761932887

Description

The baffling complexity of Indian politics has engaged the attention of many a political scientist. It has also led some to remark on its exceptional nature. Several key insights into the dynamics of Indian politics have been possible because of attempts at theoretical formulations and comparison with other developing countries. These methods served as the foundation for Myron Weiner’s engagement with India. His formidable intellectual acuity was solidly grounded in methodological clarity-a feature that also informs the essays in this volume.

This important volume brings together renowned scholars who take Myron Weiner’s original, pioneering and often surprising insights into a wide range of themes-democratization, party politics, pressure groups, federalism, caste, identity politics and ethnic conflict, affirmative action, public policy, and political economy-as their starting point to arrive at conclusions that validate or extend Weiner`s works. Divided into three parts-Party Politics and Democracy, Ethnic Politics, and Political Economy-the essays in the book critique conventional wisdom and some well-known theoretical positions. Some of the important issues that have been discussed are:

How the congress party’s institutionalized hegemony and effective handling of centre-local relations shaped the successful democratization of Indian politics

The crucial, yet little studies, role of informal political functionaries, or fixers in a democratic and federal set up

How the internal organizational structure of a party and not its ethnic base, as is mistakenly believed, determines the success of a political party

Why the State’s position vis-a-vis multiculturalism in India is an awkward phenomenon where religion becomes a factor in certain spheres but not in others

Why Lijphart’s well-known consociational theory does not apply to India, where more consociationalism does not mean more stability but greater ethnic violence

How fertility rates are not related so much to income levels and growth rates as to hierarchical structures and social values

How the failure to end mass poverty in India is partly a function of the mode of governance

How the contingencies of the Indian political system force most political parties to adopt a centrist stance when in power

With its numerous insights combined with a lucid and accessible style. This book will be an important reference for scholars, students and commentators of Indian politics.

Contents

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

INTRODUCTION
ASHUTOSH VARSHNEY

I. PARTY POLITICS AND DEMOCRACY

Myron Weiner on India and the Theory of Democratization
GABRIEL A ALMOND

Why One-Party Dominant Systems Decline
LUCIAN W PYE

Towel Over Armpit: Small-time Political Fixers in India’s States
JAMES MANOR

II. ETHNIC POLITICS

Elite Incorporation in Multiethnic Societies
KANCHAN CHANDRA

Composite Culture is not Multiculturalism: A Study of the Indian Constituent Assembly Debate
CHRISTOPHE JAFFERLOT

India, Consociational Theory and Ethnic Violence
STEVEN I. WILKINSON

III. POLITICAL ECONOMY

The Mother and the State in India
MARY FAINSOD KATZENSTEIN

Why Haven’t Poor Democracies Eliminated Poverty?
ASHUTOSH VARSHNEY

BJP’s Economic Nationalism in Theory and Practice
BALDEV RAJ NAYAR

ABOUT THE EDITOR AND CONTRIBUTORS

INDEX

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