Author: Sundar SarukkaiPublisher: Motilal BanarsidassYear: 2005Language: EnglishPages: 268ISBN/UPC (if available): 81-87586-22-2
Philosophy of science draws upon different traditions in Western philosophy, starting from the ancient Greek. However, there is a conspicuous absence of non-western philosophical traditions, including the Indian, in philosophy of science. This book argues that Indian rational traditions such as Indian logic, drawn from both Buddhist and Nyaya philosophies, are not only relevant for philosophy of science but are also intrinsically concerned with scientific mythology. It also suggests that the Indian logical traditions can be understood as requiring that logic itself be scientific. This explains their engagement with ideas such as valid inference, invariable concomitance, the use of the empirical in logical analysis the move from observations and so on. The essential relation between some Indian philosophical tradition and science is further illustrated by the semiotic character of Indian logic, its explanatory structures which are similar to those of scientific explanations. Indian theories of knowledge and truth, the pragmatic nature of truth and its relation to action which is essential to Nyaya and to science, and finally the importance of the affability thesis which is central to Nyaya, Bhartrhari and modern science. This book introduces the reader to important themes in Indian logic, epistemology and philosophy of language as well as philosophy of science. Relationships between these various traditions are also explored thereby suggesting how Indian philosophy can engage with contemporary philosophy of science. This introductory book will be valuable to students, professional philosophers as well as those interested in Indian philosophy and its significance to contemporary thought.