Author: A VaidyanathanPublisher: Academic FoundationYear: 2003Language: EnglishPages: 504ISBN/UPC (if available): 8171883052
Rapid economic growth and eradication of abject poverty have been the core concerns of India's polity and government. The essays in this collection provide an overview of evolution of this process culminating in the far-reaching orientation of strategy and policies during the nineties.Co-ordinated planning with the state playing the leading role in initiating and regulating the process of development in pursuit of these objectives has been a distinctive feature. Specific targets, perceptions of the problems involved and their solutions have been changing over time. This book contains a critical assessment of rationale of new strategy and policies, implementation and impact from the political economy perspective.The essays are divided into two sections: Those in the first part, mostly written in the nineties, focus on key elements of overall development strategy being pursued from the early nineties, the rational and the thrust of the structural adjustment package soon after it was unveiled by Dr. Manmohan Singh, issues relating to subsidies and foreign direct investment and broader issues of the role of the state generally and of planning in particular in the changed context. The lead piece in this section pulls together the assessment of different aspects and attempts an overall assessment of the antecedents of the reforms of the nineties, their halting and meandering course and the reasons for their less-than-expected achievement. It also reflects on the prospects for the future.Selections in the second section spanning over a much longer period discuss issues relating to poverty - concepts, data and measurement and regional variations, evolution of poverty alleviation programmes, critical commentary on their design, implementation and measures to improve their efficacy.The general thrust of the essays is critical of the design and implementation of the reform package and skeptical of its impact on growth and socio-economic inequality.
PrefaceIntroductionSECTION - 1Planning, State and DevelopmentA Decade of ReformsStructural Adjustment in the Indian EconomyAttitude Towards MultinationalsSubsidies in IndiaPlanning, State and DevelopmentPlanning in India - Retrospect and ProspectDevelopment Planning Models: The Indian ExperienceGrowth of Indian Industry: Role of Demand FactorsCottage and Small Scale Industries in India: Policy and PerformanceSECTION - TWOPoverty, Inequality and Development PolicyPoverty and Development PolicyThe New Economics of PovertyThe Political Economy of the Evolution of Anti-Poverty ProgrammesRestructuring Poverty Alleviation ProgrammesSome Aspects of Inequalities in Living Standards in Rural IndiaThe Validity of NSS Consumption in Rural IndiaAsset Holdings and Consumption of Rural Households in India: A Study of Spatial and Temporal VariationsPoverty and Economy: The Regional DimensionAssessment of Nutritional and Health Status