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Lalla to Nuruddin  -  Rishi-Sufi Poetry of Kashmir
Lalla to Nuruddin - Rishi-Sufi Poetry of Kashmir

Lalla to Nuruddin - Rishi-Sufi Poetry of Kashmir

by Jaishree K. Odin

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Product ID:32952




Motilal Banarsidass


9788120836907 - Year: 2013 - Pages: 160



Jaishree K. Odin

Author: Jaishree K. Odin
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
Year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 160
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788120836907


Kashmir became the home of foreign missionaries from Persia and Central Asia during the fourteenth century. The activities of foreign missionaries intensified after Muslim rule was solidified with the establishment of the Shah Mir dynasty in 1339 that ruled Kashmir for about two hundred years.

As Suhrawardi and Kubravi Sufi missionaries and their Kashmiri followers preached the new faith to the local people, an indigenous Sufi movement emerged in the countryside in the first decades of the fifteenth century under the leadership of Nuruddin Rishi, who is also known as Nund Rishi or Shaikh Nuruddin.

Rishi Sufis lived austere and devout lives and worked towards the betterment of humanity by spreading the message of love, peace, and simple living.

Nuruddin Rishi (1378-1439), also known as Nund Rishi or Shaikh Nuruddin, founded the indigenous Sufi order of Muslim Rishis in the beginning of the fifteenth century in the midst of intensified activities of the missionary Sufis from Central Asia and Persia. Rooted in the Islamic tradition, the Rishi Sufis integrated local customs and traditions into their teachings, which differentiated them from the immigrant Sufis and their Kashmir followers.

People were attracted to Rishi Sufis not only due to their elevated spiritual status, but also because their lives were based on ethical values of non-violence, religious tolerance, and compassion for the poor and the needy. They spread the message of peaceful coexistence of all people irrespective of their caste, class, or religious creed and they contributed to creating a tradition of communal harmony, which became an integral part of the Kashmiri culture for centuries.

The order was active with a distinct identity for about two hundred years before becoming absorbed in the mainstream Sufism. Even though it has ceased to be a distinct order with its own identity, many Sufi mystics in the Valley continue to embody the spirit of the Rishi Sufis, as they too believe in religious tolerance, compassion, and peaceful coexistence.

However, the Rishi Sufi worldview is "hidden" or "suppressed" due to increasingly orthodox elements in the Kashmiri society. We need to unearth this narrative and acknowledge its silent presence in some contemporary urban and rural spaces of the Valley. The present study and translation of Nuruddin Rishiís verses are an attempt to contribute in this direction.





Lalla’s Legacy

Nuruddin and the Local Rishi Tradition

Life and Legends

Verses: The Text

Inner Journey

Metaphysical Thought

Ethical and Ecological Vision

Four Eminent Disciples

Rishi Tradition and Kashmiri Sufi Poetry


Nuruddin Rishi’s Verses

Key to Pronunciation of the Romanized Kashmiri Verses










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