Author: Afzal IqbalPublisher: Kitab BhavanYear: 2003Language: EnglishPages: 306ISBN/UPC (if available): 8171512682
The first-ever biography and aesthetic appreciation of the man who enriched humanity with such splendid and massive contributions to literature and thought.Jalal-ud-din Rumi has been described by Professor E G Browne as 'without doubt the most eminent Sufi poet whom Persia has produced, while his mystical Mathnawi deserve to rank amongst the great poems of all time.' Rumi's greatness is acknowledged as much in the West as in the East, but it is surprising and regrettable that until now no attempt has been made to write for the general public a biography and aesthetic appreciation of the man. Now this lamentable neglect has been repaired. The author of this excellent monograph has read deeply the extensive writings of Rumi, and what other have said on the subject in ancient and modern times. While his approach to the poet is sensitive, and his aesthetic analysis most delicate, he displays acute powers of scholarly criticism in discussing the difficult problems that surround Rumi's biography.
Foreword, Prof. A.J. ArberryPreface to the Third EditionPreface to the Second EditionPreface to the First EditionA PortraitCHAPTER ITHE AGE OF RUMI (A.D. 1207-1273)The tottering fabric of Muslim societyThe onslaught from Christian EuropeThe Crusaders-their hopes and fearsSome contradictions analysedA glimpse of the Christian mind in the thirteenth centuryShifting from Europe to AsiaMeeting the challenge of the MongolsThe sack of Baghdad (1258)Defeat of the Mongols in Egypt (1260)The origin and character of the MongolsThe social and economic conditions of Persia under the MongolsA parallel between the roles of Ghazali and RumiShifting to Konya - the centre of Rumi's activitiesThe rise of Saljuqs and the importance of KonyaCHAPTER IITHE PERIOD OF PREPARATION (A.D. 1207 - 1244)The story of his ancestorsThe role of Baha-ud-Din, Rumi's fatherHis hostility towards philosophy and conflict with Fakhr-ud-Din RaziWas Razi responsible for his exile from Balkh? The confusion about the dates of migration clarified A royal invitation to settle in KonyaRumi's education under his father-contemporary syllabus of studies analysedThe end of one phase of education at the death of Rumi's father and the beginning of anotherAn analysis of the intellectual horizon of Rumi at the age of thirty-fourDebt to Ghazali-a brief comparisonDebt to Sana'i and 'Attar-Rumi sees himself as a successor to bothRumi's knowledge of Classical Islamic PhilosophyRumi heir to an impressive heritage of SufismDhu'l-Nun al-Misri, hero of a story in the MathnaviRespect and admiration for Bayazid BistamiMathnavi replete with references to Ibrahim ibn AdhamRumi's defence to Mansur HallajClassical Manuals of Sufism in the tenth centuryKashf-ul-Mahjub quoted copiously in the MathnaviA brief comparison and contrast with Ibn 'Arabi's thoughtCHAPTER IIITHE ROMANCE OF REVOLUTION (A.D. 1244-1250)An account of Shams-I-TabrizFour different versions of Rumi's meeting with ShamsThe version of Rumi's sonThe result of the meetingRumi's correspondence in verse with ShamsReasons of Sham's unpopularity with Rumi's followersRumi's new mode of lifeThe role of Salah-ud-Din Zarkob in this periodRumi fails to find Shams but discovers himselfCHAPTER IVTHE MIRACLE OF THE MUSE (A.D. 1245-1260)Rumi becomes a poet at the age of thirty-sevenConsideration of his collection of odes called Divan-i-Shams-i-TabrizA critical estimate of his lyricscharacteristics of his lyricsHis universal appealCHAPTER VTHE MESSAGE OF THE MATHNAVI (A.D. 1261-1273)A general summaryNature of existenceNature of knowledgeFree-will and determinismNature of LoveNature of RealityCHAPTER VITHE POET AS A THINKER (A.D. 1261-1273)The difference between his method and the method of philosophersThe relation between Love and intellectThe nature of the selfHis conception of evolutionSome difficulties in this conceptionDeterminism and responsibilityKnowledge of GodThe Ideal ManSelect BibliographyIndex