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Author: A Selection
Publisher: Sahitya Akademi
ISBN/UPC (if available): 812600648X
This volume, 2nd part of four-volume series, contains selections from Gujrati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri and Konkani literature of the medieval period AD 1100-1800.
The selections from Gujrati reveals the co-existence of Hindu mythology and Jain ideology. Bhakti literature reached new heights in this period. Folk dramas like 'bhavai' along with ballads also flourished.
No other literature, except perhaps Sanskrit, has received as much active collaborative contributions of writers in other languages as Hindi. Surdas, Tulsidas, Mirabai, Vidyapati, Namdev, Guru Nanak, etc. are examples. Also included are Prithviraj Rathod, Kutuban, Dadu Dayal, Maulk Das and Matiram.
In Kannada literature the most powerful literary movement was that of the Veerashaivas. The selection also contains vachanas of vachankaras, who emphasized the importance of moral values.
The selections from Kashmiri point to the fact that medieval Kashmir literature from the early period has shown remarkable adaptability. The 'marsiyas' of Muslim writers are as much a significant achievement as the love songs addressed to Krishna.
In the Konkani selection the exposure to the West in full measure and the reception of literature from Western sources is amply evident. Christian devotional literature in Konkani too exemplifies the Bhakti element which was a dominant feature of medievalism.
EDITOR: Dr. K Ayyappa Panikar (b.1930), the Chief Editor of this anthology, is a major modern Indian poet, writing in Malayalam. He obtained his Ph.D. from Indiana University, and did post-doctoral research at Yale and Harvard. He has authored and edited several books in Malayalam and English, and is recipient of the Sahitya Akademi award and several other honors.