Author: T S Rukmani
K Kunjunni Raja/Several Contributors
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): Bimal Krishna Matilal
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788120806030
Here the collected papers explore the whole question of the relation between the mythopoetic and the moral in the context of the Mahabharata. Here we have a story of extreme complexity, characters that are unforgettable, and a cosmic context in which gods and men alike grapple with destiny.
The obligations of kinship and friendship jostle with each other. The women characters, as in everyday life, seem to bear a very heavy load of the burden of life and to stand in a key position in almost every conflict. We are presented with predicaments at every turn. At times these predicaments seem to be aggravated by social structure. At other times they are cushioned by it.
Philosophical tangles tied up with karma and dharmas are interwoven with the mythopoetic material. Perhaps philosophical issues are pinpointed rather more than they are in Greek epic literature.
The essays in this book treat the Mahabharata from an unusual angle, fastening on the moral dilemmas it presents. How universal are the dilemmas faced by the characters in the story, and are the dilemmas in fact resolved? In dealing with these questions, the discussions range over the meaning of the purusarthas, the institutions of marriage and the family, the concept of action in the Gita and the special predicaments faced by Draupadi, Arjuna and others.
These studies invite the scholar to reflect afresh on the text and encourage the general reader to find in epic literature much that is relevant to life today.
About The Editor:
Bimal Krishna Matilal (1935-l991) was an Indian philosopher whose in?uential writings present the Indian philosophical tradition as being concerned with the same issues as have been the theme in Western philosophy. From 197 7 to 1991 he was the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at Oxford University. In the works, he presented the Indian systems of logic, particularly Nyaya-Vaisesika, Mimamsa and Buddhist philosophy, as being relevant in modern philosophical discourse. This was in contrast with the German approach to Indian studies, often called Indology, which prefers minute grammatical study as opposed to a concern for the development of the ideas as a whole in the general philosophical context, Indian Philosophical thought more a mere exposition. This helped create a vibrant revival of interest in Indian philosophical traditions as a relevant source of ideas rather than a dead discipline.
1. Moral Dilemmas: Insights from Indian Epics by Bimal Krishna Matilal
2. Moral Dilemmas in the Mahabharata by T.S. Rukmani
3. The Concept of Moral Dilemma: It’s Applicability in the Context of the Mahabharata by S.P. Dubey
4. A Note on Moral Dilemmas in the Mahabharata by K. Kunjunni Raja
5. The Meaning of the Purusarthas in the Mahabharata by Y. Krishan
6. The Socio-Moral Implications of Draupadi’s Marriage to Five Husbands by A.N. Jani
7. La Guerre De Kuruksetra N’Aura Pas Lieu: Udyoga Reconsidered by Amiya Dev
8. Marriage and Family in the Mahabharata: Some Aspects by S.G. Kantawala
9. Conceptions of Dharma in the Sramanical and Brahmanical Traditions; Buddhism and the Mahabharata by Peter Della Santina
10. Reflections on the Concept of Action in the Gita by S. Paul Kashap
11. Arjuna’s Moral Predicament by M.M. Agrawal
12. Arjuna Visadayoga by E.R. Sreekrishna Sarma
13. An Unresolved Dilemma in ‘Dyuta-Parvan’: A Question Raised by Draupadi by S.M. Kulkarni