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Author: Chandrashekhar Bhat
M L Raina/
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): Manjit Inder Singh/ Joga Singh
Publisher: Punjabi University
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788130202679
FROM THE BOOK PREFACE:
The present collection of papers in this volume is a positive and fruitful culmination of the efforts to put together the proceedings of the first Workshop on Indian/Punjabi Diaspora, organized by the Centre for Diaspora Studies, Punjabi University. It would be legitimate to claim that this was the first Workshop of its kind in the northern region.
This volume contains multiple perspectives on Diaspora studies from literary, cultural, historical, social, legal and political viewpoints presented by academics, scholars, young and upcoming teachers and research scholars drawn from various institutions of north India.
Diaspora with its cross-disciplinary approaches, today, is a multicolored phenomena, having its distinct hues, variants, experiences, shades, cultural ensembles, locations and distinct identities across geographies and continents.
Diaspora, as is well-known, is an ancient word, but, as the poetic utterances of Aga Shahid Ali reveal, its new currencies in globalist discourses confound the once clearly demarcated parameters of geography, national identity and belonging. Emanating from the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures and explicitly intended for the Hellenic-Jewish communities, to describe Jews living in exile in Palestine, Diaspora as a term over the ages has undergone radical shifts to now suggest a general movement of individuals, communities and populations away from their native spaces and roots.
The proliferation of Diasporic formations across the world, today, is a product of any number of mutations and shifts alongside the shaping of modern nation states, in turn, related to the long history of empires, imperialism, colonialism and their aftermath. In this sense, the creation of Diasporas suggests multifaceted forces and factors that have gone into the making of its present forms and definitions. However, as is again well understood, the significance of Diaspora as an area study and discipline after the Second World War is arguably grounded in the political and economic exigencies marked by great convulsions that have altered the structures and politico-economic relations in the last more than fifty years.
Along with this, diasporic dislocations and nobilities (including the formation of the vast Indian and Punjabi Diasporas among other 'gatherings' abroad) are expressly related to the discordant movements of modernity, from colonialism, to the emergence of independent nation states, to the late and post-colonial mutations into the globalized twenty-first century scenario. On the other hand, intellectual and theoretical constructions of Diaspora, its spillovers into ideological, contestatory frameworks, its contours and links with sociology, anthropology, history, art, literature, cinema, psychoanalysis, religion and cultural studies offer new and exciting openings.
Its significant attributes focusing contentious, interrogatory debates within post-colonialism post-modernism, post-structuralism, feminism, new historicism and other theoretical approaches, have catapulted diasporic studies to centre stage in the academia. However. Theorizations of Diaspora need not, and should not, be divorced from the basic question of historical, human and cultural specificity, pressing issues of existence and experience, and the shaping of subjectivities — national, regional, ethnic and gendered. Diaspora, far from being a tragic or painful site of withdrawal, refuge or exile, has today become a multifaceted arena of intense/free speculation of possibilities, even of fascination.
Once conceptualized as an exilic or nostalgic dislocation from homeland, it has moved over to new constructions of home and cultural space, both without/ beyond national boundaries and within the nation as interactive locations and co-opted space. In sum, Diaspora, in its cross-cultural and inter-subjective manifestations, has attained new epistemological, political and identitarian resonances, as points of its reference continue to proliferate and multiply.
However, as is imperative, it is not always easy to avoid the slippage between Diaspora as a theoretical concept, diasporic discourses and specific historical experiences of Diaspora in its numerous varieties. As such, the thrust areas of the workshop itself—identities, locations, intersections, along with border, as a trope, the politics of journey and contested spaces—offer a conceptual interdisciplinary grid for analyzing the contemporary transnational movements and migrations of people, information, hybrid cultural identities, the role of technologies and cyberspace, and of course its impacted relation with late post-modern tendencies in the spread of global capitalism. Finally, we are grateful to teachers, scholars, academics and young researchers who have put in their best efforts to produce impressive presentations included in this volume.
Though literary studies dominate, it has been our attempt to include other and parallel cross- disciplinary approaches to Indian/Punjabi Diasporas, as also the theoretical, conceptual and specialized studies of Diaspora as an area of speculation across disciplines.
The volume also includes the extension lecture delivered by Professor Chandrasekhar Bhatt on Punjabi Diaspora, and the Keynote Address delivered by Professor M.L. Raina at the Workshop. We place on record our thankfulness to all resource persons who eminently contributed to the final drafting of the papers for publication in this volume.
1. The Emerging Indian Diaspora: Some Reflections on Overseas Punjabis
2. Exile, Homelessness and the Literary Imagination
3. Edward Said: An Intellectual Symbol of the 20th Century Phenomenon of Trans-migration
4. Diaspora and Literature in Translation
5. Spaces, Landscapes and Journeys: A Study of Selected Writings by Canadians of Indian Origin
6. Moving Forward, Looking Back: The Changing Thematic Strands in Diasporic Punjabi Short Story
7. Cyberspace: Lending a Juxtaposed Locationality to the Dislocated Diaspora
8. Sikh Diaspora and its Cultural Manifestations: An Overview
9. Indian Diaspora to Cananda and USA with Special Reference to Punjab: A Review of Socio-cultural Life in a Plural Society
10. Indian Diasporic Experience: Rootless But Green
11. V.S. Naipaul and Indo-Caribbean Plantation Diaspora
12. A Voyage through Turbulence in Sea of Poppies
13. From Routes to Roots: Seeking an Eco-identity in Gita Mehta's A River Sutra
14. Jewish Diaspora in America: A Study of Philip Roth's American Pastoral
15. Relating Ngugi wa Thiong'o's Language Politics with Globalization and Diaspora
16. Exploring Diverse Diasporic Routes and Journeys: A View of Two Lives
17. Reconstruction of the Repressed: MorichjhApi Refugees in Amitav Ghosh's the Hungry Tide
18. Identity and Diaspora in Jhumpa Lahiri's the Namesake
19. Subaltern Experience and the Dark Side of Diaspora: An Interpretation of Kiran Desai's the Inheritance of Loss
20. From Roots to Routes: Negotiating Representations as in The Namesake and Mitr: My Friend
21. 'Going Away' and 'Coming Home: The Impossible Return
22. Restaging the Past and its Dislocation: An Assessment of M.G. Vassanji's The in-between World of Vikram Lall
23. Social Liminality in Rushdie's Hands: "Out of Such Hybridisation, Newness Can Emerge"
24. Shuttling Between Diasporic Identities: A Study of Saminaali's Madras on Rainy Days
25. The Search for Roots and Identity: A Study of Bharati Mukherjee's Desirable Daughters
26. The Enigma of Exodus and Exile: Exploring Ethnicity, Tradition and Culture from a Contemporary Diasporic Perspective in Shyam Selvadurai's Funny Boy
27. Post-Colonial Fluidity and Man-Woman Relations in V.S. Naipaul's A Bend in the River
28. The Crisis of Identity in Jhumpa Lahiri's the Namesake
29. Bharati Mukherjee's Wife: Clash between Dreams and Reality
30. Articulating Indian Diasporic Experience in the Stories of Shauna Singh Baldwin: "Montreal 1962","The Insult" "Devika"
31. Looking Back Through Broken Mirrors: Dynamics of Memory and Desire for home in the Works of Diaspora Writers
32. Enduring Identities in Diasporic Cinema
33. Diasporic Literary Response to India: A View of Rohinton Mistry's Selected Fiction
34. From Acculturation to Self-Actualization: A Study of Chitra Divakaruni's Queen of Dreams
35. Diaspora Philanthrophy in Health and Education with Special Reference to Punjab
36. The Punjabi Diaspora: As Military Personnel
37. Divorce Issues in Indian Diaspora: Role of Judiciary
38. Fraudulent Marriages and Punjab Diaspora: A Socio-Legal Concern
39. Adoption Law and Indian Diaspora: Role of Judiciary
40. Registration of NR I Marriages: An Appraisal of Legislative Provisions and Judicial Approach