Author: Mridula MukherjeePublisher: Sage PublicationsYear: 2004Language: EnglishPages: 560ISBN/UPC (if available): 0761996869
At a time when a majority of scholars engage in studies on class, religion, ethnicity and gender, this study forcefully demonstrates that peasants as a category and their problems continue to excite considerable academic debate.Divided into two parts, the book first reconstructs the political world of the peasants of Punjab and forms the empirical base on which rests the subsequent theoretical and methodological discussion. It captures their struggles at the national level as well as their everyday struggles on purely class or peasant issues. The second part makes important interventions in the theoretical debates regarding the role of peasants in revolutionary transformation in the modern world. The author argues that the automatic association of revolution with large-scale violence has resulted in the refusal to recognize the non-violent yet revolutionary political practice of peasants in the Indian National Movement. The author subjects to critical scrutiny a wide range of theoretical models and argues that the political practice of the Indian peasants cannot be fit into any theoretical straightjacket.
SERIES EDITORS’ PREFACE INTRODUCTION I POLITICAL PRACTICE IN RURAL PUNJAB: THE HEROIC AND THE EVERYDAY: Peasant Protest: The Historical Context Emergence of Modern Peasant Organizations and Fashioning a Peasant Agenda, 1924-29 Marching with the Nation: Peasants and Civil Disobedience, 1930-32 Consolidating Peasant Politics: National Organization and Ideological Radicalization, 1933-37 Peasant Upsurge: Reaching the High-Water Mark, 1938-39 Anti-War, People’s War and Post-War: Communists and Peasants, 1939-47 Peasant Protest in a Non-Hegemonic State: The Princely State of Patiala, 1930-53 II INTERROGATING PEASANT HISTORIOGRAPHY: PEASANT PERSPECTIVES, MARXIST PRACTICE AND SUBALTERN THEORY: Peasants and Anti-Colonial Nationalism Peasants and Non-Violence: Forms of Protest and Methods of Mobilization Peasants and Outsiders: Social Origins of Leaders and ParticipantsMapping Peasant Consciousness: Elements of an Alternative Framework In Conclusion: Transforming Peasant Consciousness-Practice versus Theory BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX