Author: Ashok KapurPublisher: Oxford University PressYear: 2001Language: EnglishPages: 264ISBN/UPC (if available): 0195649435
Using a historical approach, this work explains the origins and trajectory of India's nuclear science and diplomacy in the context of both its domestic politics and challenges to her interests in regional and international environment.India's series o9f nuclear tests in 1998 was a major event in regional and world politics, evoking strong condemnation worldwide. Several western commentators and observers saw the decision to t4est as a reflection of the compulsions of India's domestic politics rather than her external security considerations. Ashok Kapur counters such observations and contends that the Indian test were not a knee-jerk, adhoc response to recent developments. He argues instead that the tests were a long-delayed response to what some sections viewed as provocative strategic moves by China, the Unites States and Pakistan, in India's strategic neighborhood and the international sphere. Kapur brings out the evolving and dynamic relationship between science, state, military, and society in India. In discussing this relationship, he points to the militarization of India's nuclear and space science, characterized by both reactivity and proactivity. He does on to argue that a proactive approach rather than a reactive one, is required to maintain the nuclear deterrent and to participate in the international strategic discourse among the world's major and minor powers. Written in a clear and engaging style, this work will stimulate debate among Indian, Pakistani and Western academics and policy-makers, as well as among journalists and general readers.