Author: J Varaprasada RaoPublisher: Bharatiya Kala PrakashanYear: 2002Language: EnglishPages: 240ISBN/UPC (if available): 8186050744
The book carried out a systematic study of Prehistoric cultures by using geomorphic, ecological and ethnographic analogy as parameters and reconstructed the cultural process of human occupation from hunter-gatherer to early faming and colonizing stage in the Krishna-Tungabhadra Doab. This region was under the threat of submergence by the Srisailam Hydro-Electric Dam project; hence as a part of salvage archeology this task was taken up. The study was done on the new discoveries and also using earlier finds so as to glen the complete picture of the cultural development. There are evidences from Lower Palaeolithic to Megalithic with continuation into early historical sites in the valley occupying along the banks of the rivers. The sites are found in primary and stratified contexts, which enable to understand the development of civilization. It is a micro regional study where more emphasis was given on the prehistoric culture besides dealing the outlines of the Neolithic and Megalithic cultures. The distribution of sites was done in relation to their topographical settings against the background of their ecology, raw materials, water source and Quaternary deposites and established the man-land relationship within the chronological frame work.The Quaternary deposits were found in the form of High Level Gravels and Older alluvium, some how or other which are related to the sites that help to draw the climatic conditions and atleast there were two cycles of wet and dry climatic phases during Stone Age times. The ethnographic analogy was taken from the local tribe Chenchus who are living contiguous to the Prehistoric sites gave insights as regards the seasonal migrations, types of temporary dwellings, their hunting practices and food economy. Their tools kit is also very significant to have parallels with the Stone Age tools kit. Thus the author had utilized all possible traits in reconstructing the settlement system of the Prehistoric people in the Krishna-Tungabhadra Doab.
ForewordPrefaceList of figuresList of plates (B&W/ Colour)List of tablesAbstractCHAPTERSINTRODUCTIONRecent Concepts in Prehistoric StudiesAims and Brief Results of the StudyText ArrangementENVIRONMENTThe Study AreaPhysiographyGeologyUpper pre-CambrainUpper Pre-Cambrian-CambrianTertiaryQuaternaryDrainageSoilsClimateFloraFaunaSummaryPREVIOUS DISCOVERIES AND PRESENT INVESTIGATIONSPrevious DiscoveriesPresent InvestigationsField InvestigationsMethodologyThe Sites and Stratigraphy and their Topographical SettingHIGH LEVEL GRAVELSShort History of High Level GravelsClassification of Hight Level GravelsHypothesises on the Mode of Formation of High Level GravelsRock Barrier HypothesisSheet Flood HypothesisTectonic HypothesisPresent InvestigationsTopographical Setting of the LocalitiesGeneral Observations Excavation in High Level Gravels at MoravakondaLaboratory AnalysisDiscussionGeomorphic History of the BasinArchaeological Implication, Chronology and ConclusionARCHAEOLOGYLower PalaeolithicRaw Material State of PreservationTechnologyTypologyMetrical Analysis of Handaxe AssemblageDiscussion Other Sites in the Study AreaSites in the Other Parts of Kurnool DistrictSites in the Other Parts of Mahaboobnagar DistrictSummaryComparison in the Adjoining DistrictsHyderabadAnantapurCuddapahNalgondaPrakasamRaichur (Karnataka)Gulbarga (Karnataka)ChronologyMiddle PalaeolithicRaw MaterialState of PreservationTechnologyTypologyDiscussionOther Sites in the Study AreaSites in the Other Parts of Kurnool DistrictSites in the Other Parts of Mahaboobnagar DistrictSummaryComparision in the Adjoining DistrictsHyderabadAnantapurCuddapahNalgondaPrakasamRaichur (Karnataka)Gulbarga (Karnataka)ChronologyUpper PalaeolithicSites in the Other Parts of Kurnool DistrictSites in the Other Parts of Mahaboobnagar DistrictChronologyMesolithicRaw MaterialState of preservationTechnologyTypologyDiscussionOther Sites in the Study AreaSite in the Other Parts of Kurnool DistrictSites in the Other Parts of Mahaboobnagar DistrictDiscussion and ChronologyNeolithicVeerapuram Locality II (Excavation)Pottery Ground Stone IndustryOther Sites in the Study AreaSites in the Other parts of Kurnool and Mahaboobnagar Districts Discussion ChronologySummaryPALAEOLITHIC SETTLEMENT PATTERNIntroductionDevelopment of Settlement Pattern Ethnographic AnalogyEthnographic Analogy and its Relevance to ArchaeologyDefinition of EthnoarchaeologyEthnographic Data of the Present StudyChenchusSettlement Pattern of ChenchusHouse TypesSubsistence Strategies of the ChenchusPalaeolithic Settlement PatternLower PalaeolithicMiddle PalaeolithicUpper PalaeolithicUpper PalaeolithicMesolithicPalaeoecology and Subsistence Economy of Palaeolithic People SummarySummary and conclusionBibliography Index Plates