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Author: Rosa Luxemburg
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9789380118246
What is the final aim of Marxist politics, asked Rosa Luxemburg. To improve the conditions of life under capitalism or to overthrow capitalist social relations and found a just order?
German Socialism in the late 19th century was torn on this question, with Eduard Bernstein the influential advocate for the centrality of reforms. This view was known as “revisionism” — the revision of Marxism downwards from revolution to reformism. Luxemburg argued, in this influential pamphlet, that Bernstein’s revisionism would liquidate Marxist politics. She based her critique of Bernstein on her close reading of Marx and of the social dynamic of capitalism.
A remarkable riposte from this heroic Marxist intellectual.
Reform vs. Revolution appeared in German in two editions — 1899 and 1908. The present text draws from both editions, with further modifications after consultation with Sozialreform oder Revolution?, Gesammelte Werke, Bd. 1 (Berlin; Dietz Verlag, 1982).
The Introduction by Brinda Karat pays tribute to Luxemburg’s revolutionary spirit, and places her argument in context.
“She was — and remains for us — an eagle. And not only will Communists all over the world cherish her memory, but her biography and her complete works . . . Will serve as useful manuals for training many generations of Communists all over the world.”
== V.I. Lenin
“She was the sword, she was the fire of the revolution. Rosa Luxemburg will remain one of the greatest figures in the history of international Socialism.”
== Clara Zetkin
Note on the Text
Red Rosa by Brinda Karat
REFORM OR REVOLUTION