Author: Swami LokeswaranandaTranslator(s)/ Editors(s): Swami LokeswaranandaPublisher: Ramakrishna Mission Institute of CultureYear: 2013Language: Bi-LingualPages: 255ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788185843643
This edition is based on Swami Lokeswarananda's weekly discourses. Readers will find this Upanisad simple and lucid. They will also find it authentic in that it follows Sankara's interpretation.What is the message of this Upanisad? The Upanisad opens with some questions: 'What is the cause of this universe? Who created us? Where do we come from, and where shall we go in the end? Who is controlling us? Why is it that we are sometimes happy and sometimes unhappy?' The Upanisad says it is Brahman that is the cause of the universe. Brahman is the Ultimate Reality.The Upanisad says that it is because we do not know this Brahman, the Cosmic Self, that we go through the cycle of birth and death and suffer. To see many is the cause of bondage. To see one, the One behind the many, is the cause of liberation. The goal of life is to attain the knowledge of the oneness of things and, through this knowledge, to attain liberation. ‘Indriyani hayan ahuh-they say these indriyas, the sense organs, are the hayan, the horses.’ We all know how difficult horses are to control. If you can control them, they are your friends, but if you cannot, they will take any amount of liberty with you. They will take you anywhere they like. They will be the master, not you. It is the same with the sense organs. So this sage, Svetasvatara, had controlled his sense that he has established his self-mastery.