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Tahafut-Al-Falasifah - Incoherence of the Philosophers
Tahafut-Al-Falasifah - Incoherence of the Philosophers

Tahafut-Al-Falasifah - Incoherence of the Philosophers

by Imam Al-Ghazali

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Product ID:23317

Language

English

Publisher

Adam Publishers

ISBN

8174355553 - Year: 2010 - Pages: 270

Binding

Paperback

Imam Al-Ghazali
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Author: Imam Al-Ghazali
Translator(s)/ Edito: Sahib Ahmad Kamali / Prof. Ehsan Ashraf
Publisher: Adam Publishers
Year: 2010
Language: English
Pages: 270
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8174355553

Description

Sufism started as a reaction against formalism pursued by the theologians and the masses, intellectualism of the philosophers and the rationalists and the irreligious ways of the ruling classes. Generally, Sufism was based on the Qur’an and lives of the Prophet and his companions.

Before, A-Ghazali Sufism passed through three stages of development. The Sufis were ascetics and quietists at the first stage. The second stage of development of Sufism was theosophical. The third stage of Sufism was prominently pantheistic in nature.

Ghazali was the greatest figure in the history of Islamic reaction to Neo-Plantonism and despite Ibn Rushd’s refutation of Ghazali’s objection; he dealt a blow to Islamic philosophy from which it would never recover. Ghazali struck a fatal blow from his ‘Incoherence of the philosophers (1095), a withering attack on Arabic philosophy, particularly as exemplified in Aristotle by Farabi and Ibn Sina. It was only after he had thoroughly immersed himself in the teachings of falasifa and even published an exposition of their tenets in ‘Intentions of the Philosophers’ that he felt equipped to defeat the philosopher on their own grounds.

Contents

Problems

Translator’s Preface

Foreword

Introduction

Preface

Refutation of the philosophers belief in the Eternity of the
World

Refutation of their belief in the everlasting nature of the world,
Time and motion

Of their dishonest in saying that God is the agent and the
maker of the world which is His action or product: and the
Explanation of the fact that these words have only a metaphorical,
Not real, significance to them

To show their inability to prove the existence of the creator
Of the world


Of their inability to prove by rational arguments that God is
One, and that it not possible to suppose two necessary
Beings each of which is uncaused

Refutation of their denial of the Divine Attributes

Refutation of their thesis that is impossible that something
Should share a genus with God, being separated from Him
By differentia; and that the intellectual division into genus
And differentia is inapplicable to Him

Refutation of their thesis that God’s is simple being - i.e., it
Is pure being, without a quiddity or essence to which
Existence would be related - and that necessary existence is
To Him what quddity is to any other being

Of their inability to prove by rational arguments that God is
Not body

Of their inability to prove by rational arguments that there
Is a cause or creator of the world

Refutation of those philosophers who hold that God knows
The Other, and that He knows the species and genera in a
Universal manner

To show their inability to prove that God knows Himself
Either

Refutation of their doctrine that God (May He be exalted
Above what they say) does not know the particulars which
Are divisible in accordance with the division of time into
‘will be,’ ‘was,’ and ‘is’

To show their inability to prove that the heaven is living,
And obeys God through its rotatory motion

Refutation of what they consider to be the purpose which
Moves the heaven

Refutation of their theory that the souls of the heavens are
Aware of all particulars, which originate in the world

Refutation of their belief in the impossibility of a departure
From the natural course of events

Of their inability to give a rational demonstration of their
Theory that the human soul is a spiritual substance which
Exists in itself; is not space-filling; is not body, or impressed
upon body; and is neither connected nor Disconnected with
body - as God is neither inside the world Nor outside it, or
as the angels are

Refutation of their thesis that, having come into being, the
Human souls cannot be destroyed; and that their everlasting
Nature makes it impossible for us to conceive other
Destruction

Refutation of their denial of the resurrection of bodies


Conclusion

Notes

Bibliography

Index

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