Author: Itty AbrahamPublisher: Orient LongmanYear: 1999Language: EnglishPages: 180ISBN/UPC (if available): 8125016155
This book is the first serious historical account of the development of India's nuclear program and of how the bomb came to be made.In 1974 India exploded an atomic device. In May 1998 the new- right wing BJP government set off several more, encountering in the process domestic plaudits, but also international condemnation and possibly sparking a new nuclear arms race in South Asia. What explains the enthusiasm of the Indian public for nuclear power? The author questions orthodox interpretations implying that it was a product of international conflict. He argues that in fact the explosions had nothing to do with national security as conventionally understood and everything to do with establishing the legitimacy of the independent nation-state. He demonstrates the linkages that exist between the two apparently separate discourses of national security and national development.The result is a remarkable book that breaks new ground in integrating comparative politics, international relations and cultural studies. It is also a pioneering exploration of the sociology of science in a Third World context and offers a radically new argument about the Indian state and its post-colonial crisis of legitimacy.
AcknowledgementsPrefaceThe ProblemProblems of Studying the Indian nuclear establishmentCHAPTER 1INTRODUCTIONAtomic energy as a world historical momentNational development and national securityInternational relations theory and proliferation studiesKeys to the argument : conjuncture, postcolonial, fetishAutonomy, crisis, and legitimacy in the postcolonial statePostcolonial visions and scienceCHAPTER 2CREATING THE INDIAN ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION'Colonial' scienceMetropolitan science and colonial scientistsColonial science and the national questionJawaharlal Nehru and scienceAtomic energy and scienceThe Indian state and scienceTerritory, resources, and the Atomic Energy CommissionMonopolising scienceCHAPTER 3POSTCOLONIAL MODERNITY : BUILDING ATOMIC REACTORS IN INDIAUrgency : fending off domestic conflictUrgency : searching for a reactorUrgency assuaged ? The British connectionOther international suppliersPower reactors and national developmentA conclusion and an interpretationCHAPTER 4LEARNING LOVE THE BOMB : THE 'PEACEFUL' NUCLEAR EXPLOSION OFThe 1962 Atomic Energy ActUnsafe guarded fissile material International conflictThe uncertainty withinNon-Proliferation strugglesDemonstration, or, the nuclear explosion of 1974Jaldi Yeh HaiCHAPTER 5FETISH, SECRECY, NATIONAL SECURITYFetishSecrecyPostscriptBibliographyIndex