Author: M R Kale
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8120808657
We shall begin with a brief outline of the general structure and arrangement of the Sanskrit Drama, without a knowledge of which the technical remarks on the construction of the present play here, as well as those made in the Notes, will not be intelligible to the general reader.
Poetry in Sanskrit, from its inherent nature, as apart from its intrinsic merit, is divided into two kinds what is capable of being seen or exhibited and what can only be heard or chanted. The drama falls under the first division. Rupaka is the general term in Sanskrit for all dramatic compositions, which also comprises a subordinate class called Uparupaka.
The Rupaka which has Rasa or sentiment for its substratum, is divided into ten classes, viz., Of the Uparupakas or Minor Dramas there are eighteen species, the most important of which are Natikas such as the Ratnavali, Viddhasalabhanjika etc., Trotakas such as the Vikramorvasiya and Sattrkas such as the Karpuramanjari, -all differing very little from the general features of a Nataka.
Preface to the Eleventh Edition
TEXT AND TRANSLATION
The Sources of the Plot
The Metres used in the Play, their Definitions and Schemes
The Subhashitas occurring in the Play