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The Yoga - System  of Patanjali
The Yoga - System of Patanjali

The Yoga - System of Patanjali

by James Haughton Woods

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Product ID:19887

Language

English

Publisher

Motilal Banarsidass

ISBN

8120805771 - Year: 2007 - Pages: 381

Binding

Paperback

James Haughton Woods

Author: James Haughton Woods
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
Year: 2007
Language: English
Pages: 381
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8120805771

Description

The Sutras are a set of mental pegs on which to hang the principles and precepts of a system which you must learn from a living teacher of your school. The Bhasya of Vyasa is a reinvestiture of the skeleton of the Sutras with the flesh and blood of comprehensible details. And the Tika of Vacaspati is of course a commentary on the Bhasya. The Bhasya is the oldest written systematic exposition of Yoga-doctrine in Sanskrit that we possess.

Of the Hindu philosophies, by far the most important are the ancient dualism called Sankhya, the monism of the Vedanta and the Yoga-system. Kautilya, Prime Minister of Candragupta (300 B.C.), mentions Sankhya and Yoga as current in his day. But the elements of Yoga, rigorous austerities and control of the senses, are indefinitely antique, and are one of the oldest and most striking products of the Hindu mind and character.

When one considers the floods of pseudoscientific writing with which the propagandists of Indian isms have deluged people, one is better prepared to appreciate the self-restraint of Dr Woods in keeping all that pertains to miracle mongering and sensationalism in the background, and in devoting himself to the exposition of the spiritual and intellectual aspects of Yoga. His work continues the tradition of austere scholarship which has from the beginning characterized the Harvard Oriental Series.

Contents

PREFACE

Reasons for taking up the work
Difficulties of comprehending the work
Difficulties of Style
Translation of technical terms
Punctuation
Texts and manuscripts
Acknowledgements

INTRODUCTION

Authorship of the Yoga-sutras: The tow Patanjalis
Tradition of their identity not earlier than tenth century
Comparison of philosophical concepts does not confirm the tradition
Data of the Sutras (between A D 300 and 500)
Date of the Bhasya (between A D 650 and 850)
Date of Vacaspatimicra’s Tattva-vaicaradi (about AD 800 to 850)

ANALYTICAL SUMMARY OF THE YOGA-SUTRAS

Book 1, Concentration (Samadhi)
Book 2, Means of Attainment (sadhana)
Book 3, Supernormal Powers (vibhuti)
Book 4, Isolation (Kaivalya)

THE YOGA-SUTRAS TRANSLATED WITHOUT THE COMMENT OR THE EXPLANATION
Being the Sutras translated in groups, with group-headings by translator

TRANSLATION OF PATANJALI’S YOGA-SUTRAS OR MNEMONIC RULES
Together with the Comment or Yoga-Bhasya, attributed to Veda-vyasa And Vacaspatimicra’s Explanation or Tattva-vaicaradi
Book 1, Concentration (samathi)
Book 2, Means of Attainment (sadhana)
Book 3, Supernormal Powers (vibhuti)
Book 4, Isolation (Kaivalya)

APPENDIXES

Bibliography of works referred to in this volume
Index of quotations in the Comment, in the order of citation
Index of the same grouped according to their sources.
Index of quotations in the Tattva-vaicaradi, in the order of citation
Index of the same grouped according to their sources
Quotations not yet traced to their sources
Index of words in the Yoga Sutra

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