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Violin Techniques in Western and South Indian Classical Music : A Comparative Study
Violin Techniques in Western and South Indian Classical Music : A Comparative Study

Violin Techniques in Western and South Indian Classical Music : A Comparative Study

by M Lalitha

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Product ID:16150

Language

English

Publisher

Sundeep Prakashan

ISBN

8175741511 - Year: 2004 - Pages: 326

Binding

Hardcover

M Lalitha
Shipping Note: This item usually arrives at your doorstep in 10-15 days

Author: M Lalitha
Publisher: Sundeep Prakashan
Year: 2004
Language: English
Pages: 326
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8175741511

Description

The first of its kind, the book is an encyclopedia on the different techniques in violin playing. As its title suggests, it deals with the different violin playing techniques in both the systems the Western and the South Indian Classical Music. There are many books which study the different techniques of violin playing in Western music whereas in the South Indian system there is no comprehensive identification and enumeration of the various techniques in use.
This book explores and outlines the various techniques in the South Indian system. Different violin playing styles in both the systems are methodically analysed and a lucid comparison of the techniques in both the systems are the main crux of this majestic work. Views of legendary musicians and violinists are also included.

The author has brought to light the various techniques in the South Indian Classical system which is a treasure for posterity. This book definitely throws light on the different aspects of violin playing techniques, the different schools and styles. It will surely appeal to both the layman and the connoisseur alike.

Contents

FOREWORD

PREFACE

APPRECIATIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABBREVIATIONS

DIACRITICAL MARKS

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER II: VIOLIN TECHNIQUES IN WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC
Section I: Right-Hand Techniques
Part I: Basic Skills of Using the Bow
2.1.1. Manner of Holding the Bow
2.1.1.1. Down-Bow
2.1.1.2. Up-Bow
2.1.2. Use of the Different Portions of the Bow
2.1.3. On-String and Off-String Bowing
2.1.4. Slur
2.1.5. Crossing Strings
Part II: Right-Hand Bowing Techniques
2.2.1. Legato
2.2.2. Staccato
2.2.3. Martele
2.2.4. Detache
2.2.5. Tremolo
2.2.6. Arpeggio
2.2.7. Bariolage
2.2.8. Sul Ponticello and Sul Tastato
2.2.9. Col Legno
2.2.10. Col Legno Dell Arco
2.2.11. Pizzicato
Section II: Left-Hand Techniques
Part I: Basic Requirements of the Left-Hand
2.3.1. Holding the Violin
2.3.2. Tuning of the Violin
2.3.3. Finger Positions
2.3.3.1. Proximity of the Fingers to the Strings
2.3.3.2. Shifting-Complete-shift, Half-shift, Retarded-shift, Backward-shift
Part II: Left-Hand Techniques
2.4.1. Glissando
2.4.1.1. Ascending Glissando
2.4.1.2. Descending Glissando
2.4.1.3. Ascending Chromatic Glissando
2.4.1.4. Descending Chromatic Glissando
2.4.2. Vibrato
2.4.3. Double-Stop
2.4.3.1. Triple-Stop
2.4.3.2. Quadruple-Stop
2.4.4. Harmonics
2.4.5. Left-Hand Pizzicato

CHAPTER III: THE DIFFERENT SCHOOLS AND STYLES OF VIOLIN PLAYING IN WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC.
PLAYING IN WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC
Section I: Schools of Violin Playing
Section II: Styles in Playing the Violin in Western Classical Music

CHAPTER IV: VIOLIN TECHNIQUES IN SOUTH INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC
Section I: Right-Hand Techniques
Part I: Elementary Aspects relating to the Right-Hand
4.1.1. Body Posture
4.1.2. Tuning of the Violin
4.1.3. Manner of Holding the Bow
4.1.4. Function of the Fingers
4.1.5. Relaxing Technique
4.1.6. Long Bow
Part II: Different Types of Bowing in the South Indian Classical Music
4.2.1. Bowing which is used but has not been mentioned previously
4.2.1.1. Bow Stress/Stressed Bowing
4.2.1.2. Partial Lifting off the Bow and Dampening the Sound through the Control of the Bow
4.2.2. Bowing which expresses or gives an Instrumental Colour
4.2.2.1. Double- stops
4.2.2.2. Tremolo
4.2.2.3. Fluttering Bowing
4.2.3. Text-Oriented Bowing
4.2.3.1. Svara-Vil
4.2.3.2. Sahitya-Vil
4.2.3.3. Alapana-Vil
4.2.3.4. Tana-Vil
4.2.3.5. Pressure Bowing
4.2.3.6. Tillana Bowing
Section II: Left-Hand Techniques
4.3.1. Stopping Technique
4.3.1.1. First Position
4.3.1.2. Second Position
4.3.1.3. Third Position
4.3.1.4. Fourth Position
4.3.2. Multiple Finger Stopping Technique
4.3.2.1. Two Finger Stopping
4.3.2.2. Three Finger Stopping
4.3.2.3. Four Finger Stopping
4.3.3. Partial Release Technique
4.3.4. Hitting Technique
4.3.5. Rolling Technique
4.3.6. Shake or the Rocking Technique
4.3.7. Janta
4.3.8. Slide
4.3.8.1. Upward Slide
4.3.8.2. Downward Slide
4.3.8.3. Up and Down Slide
4.3.8.4. Fingers Employed for Playing the Slide
4.3.8.4.1. Single Finger Slide
4.3.8.4.2. Multiple Finger Slide
4.3.8.4.2.1. Simultaneous Finger Slide
4.3.8.4.2.2. Successive Finger Slide
4.3.9. Jump
4.3.10. Accent given by the Left-hand Fingers

CHAPTER V: THE DIFFERENT SCHOOLS AND STYLES OF VIOLIN PLAYING IN SOUTH INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC
Section I: Schools in South Indian Classical Music
Section II: Styles in South Indian Classical Music

CHAPTER VI: COMPARATIVE VIOLIN TECHNIQUES IN WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC AND SOUTH INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC
Section I: Elementary Aspects relating to Right and Left-Hand
6.1.1. Manner of Holding the Bow
6.1.2. Use of the Different Parts of the Bow
6.1.3. Down-Bow
6.1.4. Up-Bow
6.1.5. Use of Long Bows
6.1.6. Crossing Strings
6.1.7. Holding the Violin
6.1.8. Tuning
6.1.9. Finger Positions
6.1.10. Shifts-Complete-shift, Half-shifts, Retarded-shifts, Backward Shift
Section II: Right-Hand Techniques
6.2.1. Partial Lifting of the Bow/ Dampening the Sound through Control of the Bow
6.2.2. Svara-Vil
6.2.3. Sahitya-Vil
6.2.4. Tana-Vil
6.2.5. Double-Stops
6.2.6. Triple-Stops, Quadruple-Stops
6.2.7. Tremolo
6.2.8. Fluttering Bowing
6.2.9. Arpeggio
6.2.10. Col Legno, Col Legno Dell Arco
6.2.11. Staccato
6.2.12. Bariolage
6.2.13. Legato
6.2.14. Martele
6.2.15. Detache
6.2.16. Loure
6.2.17. Bow Stress
6.2.18. Pressure Bowing
6.2.19. Right-Hand Pizzicato
Section III : Left-Hand Techniques
6.3.1. Finger Pressure Technique
6.3.2. Partial Release
6.3.3. Hitting Technique
6.3.4. Rolling Technique
6.3.5. Slide
6.3.6. Jump
6.3.7. Janta
6.3.8. Accent by the Left-hand Fingers
6.3.9. Shake
6.3.10. Vibrato
6.3.11. Harmonics
6.3.12. Left-hand Pizzicato

CHAPTER VII: CONCLUSION

APPENDICES
Appendix 1: Notation of the Purvanga of the `Varnam Viriboni`, in the Raga Bhairavi set to Ata Tala and Composed by Pachchimiriyam Adiyappaiyah
Appendix 2.1: Schools, Styles in Western Classical Music : Names of Different Violinists with the Names of their Teachers and Students
Appendix 2.2 : Schools, Styles in South Indian Classical Music : Names of Different Violinists with the Names of their Teachers and Students
Appendix 3.1 : Tree 1: Lineage of Violinist Tirukodikaval Krishna Iyer
Appendix 3.2 : Tree 2: Lineage of Violinist V Lakshminarayana
Appendix 3.3 : Tree 3: Lineage of Three Violinists : V Lakshminarayana, Papa Venkatramiah, Cinna Devudu
Appendix 3.4 : Tree 4: Lineage of Violinist Annaswami Sastri
Appendix 3.5 : Tree 5: Lineage of Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu
Appendix 4 : Musical Terms Used in Western Classical Music in Different Languages
Appendix 5.1 : Composers in the Western Classical Music
Appendix 5.2 : Composers in the South Indian Classical Music
Appendix 6.1 : Mozart`s G Major Concerto for Violin and Piano - Third Movement Peters Edition
Appendix 6.2 : Carl Fisher Edition
Appendix 7.1 : Concerto in `A` Minor by Vivaldi (First Movement, in Violin I)
Appendix 7.2 : Mazas études spéciales opus 36, Peters Edition. No: 10
Appendix 7.3 : 42 études ou caprices of Kreutzer`s (étude 10)
Appendix 7.4 : Bach partita no 3 in `E` Major
Appendix 7.5 : Double Concerto for two Violins and Orchestra by L Subramaniam
Appendix 7.6 : Scott Joplin`s - The Cascades (1904) for Violin or Violincello and Piano - A Rag VI.
Appendix 7.7 : `G` Major Concerto of Mozart, Peters Edition, first Movement
Appendix 7.8 : Antonio Vivaldi`s Concerto in `A` Minor for two Violins (Violin II)
Appendix 7.9 : Kreutzer Study No 2
Appendix 7.10 : Frühlingswalzer of Shostakovich (Peters Edition)
Appendix 7.11 : Kreutzer études. Étude no: 24
Appendix 7.12 : Paganini`s 24 Caprices, fifth caprice
Appendix 7.13 : Paganini`s first Concerto op.6. From L, A tempo
Appendix 7.14 : Kayser studies, op.20, Peters Edition no.3560. Study no.36
Appendix 7.15 : Sonata in `A` Minor no: 2, s.1003, by J S Bach

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

AUDIO-REFERENCES

VIDEO-REFERENCE

INTERVIEWS

INDEX

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