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Author: A Compilation
Publisher: Centre for Cultural Resources and Training
ISBN/UPC (if available): CCRT/CPXLIX
The General Council of UNESCO in 1972 adopted the Convention concerning the Protection of World Natural and Cultural Heritage. In this context, the World Heritage Committee has declared five sites as Natural Heritage Sites in India. This set of 2 albums portrays these 5 National Parks.
Each set contains 24 illustrated pictures with text displaying India’s most endangered species of mammals and birds like Elephant, Rhino, Leopard, Wild Buffalo, Finn’s Baya, Fishing Cat, Smooth Otter, Tiger, Chital, Monal Pheasant etc. The booklet of the first set provides general information about the two sites i.e. Manas and Kaziranga National Park and that of the second set about the three sites i.e. Sundarbans, Nandadevi and Keoladeo National Park, which sustain these endemic species.
Since the very dawn of civilization mankind, like all other living organisms who have lived on this planet earth, has wished for a wholesome environment and a perfect habitat which could fulfill its requirements. Every living being constantly interacted with each other harmoniously to maintain healthy balance of nature which sustained them all.
Man is a unique gift of nature. His presence on earth was possible only due to unhindered process of evolution. Since the very beginning of life on earth, living beings constantly adapted themselves to adjust with the changing environment around themselves. This process always eliminated inefficient ones to pave way for the better adapted and efficient to take over. But while this process of evolution was going on, balance of nature was always maintained. This process was very slow and could take hundreds of years before a species was replaced.
In the field of scientific and technological developments our achievements have no parallel. We have acquired an ability to mould the situation to suit our requirements, which other living beings cannot even think of. But these technological advancements and self centred attitude have changed the scenario completely. Large scale habitat manipulations with total disregard to the basic needs of other organisms, who collectively maintain the delicate balance of nature has disturbed the perfect ecosystem which was thee in the initial stage. Today we have brought ourselves to the brink of disaster. If we allow things to continue this way the day is not far off when the life on this planet, earth could be in danger along with our own existence.
The World Heritage Committee defines world heritage in the form of those unique and important species and their habitats that need to be conserved. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (commonly known as IUCN) helps World Heritage Committee to identify World Natural Heritage Sites based on the data collected from all over the world, besides careful examinations of proposals put forward by different countries to evaluate and prioritise the action required to ensure safety of World Natural Heritage.
India can be termed as a home of biodiversity. It’s unique geographical position and vast diversity of geo-climatic conditions found within, sustains large number of highly specialized endemic species, which need to be conserved for the posterity. World Heritage Committee has identified the following five major areas or sites which sustain some of the unique species:
Manas National Park
Kaziranga National Park
Sunderbans National Park
Keoladeo National Park
Nandadevi National Park