The post-industrial, consumerist mass media society governed by multinational economy and competitive capitalism and its cultural hegemony has occasioned a re-theorization of cultural and literary productions. Internet has created a new version of identity and community. The classical notion of self, of world, of reality has been challenged by the postmodern theorists. Self-identity is a fabrication. It is a play of surfaces, of signs. Even sexuality is not something you are rather it is something you have or do.
Today the discourse in literature is dominated by a high degree of such critical attitudes. The radicalization of the discourse has brought about new theoretical problems. These overwhelming and preponderant concerns defined the title of a seminar "Emergent Trends in Recent Literatures" as these are discernible in English, Punjabi and Hindi. The underlying idea was to highlight the areas of convergence and divergence in the literatures produced besides in English, in Punjabi and in Hindi also.
During the seminar on “Emerging Trends in Recent Literature (English, Punjabi and Hindi)," scholars from many universities and colleges presented their papers on various emerging trends in Indian English Literature, Afro-American Literature, Irish Literature, African Literature, Diaspora Literature, Feminist Literature, and language and theory related issues. The fourteen papers published in this section deliberate on a few recent trends in English Literature and explicate these in terms of theory and analysis.
Dr. M. L. Raina in his keynote paper “Dead Ducks Reborn: Emerging Trends in Recent Literature” points out that it is very difficult to differentiate between what has recently emerged displacing the old because “in every social formation new forces emerge over long periods of time while old forces remain intact even after the new forces have become dominant.” Dr. Raina claims that though it is being agreed that the current tendency in the West is towards non-realistic and anti-realistic literature and realism is being considered inauthentic now, “since the advent of post-modernism as a literary and philosophical world-view has relegated realist assumptions into the background” but the fact of the matter is contrary.