Author: A Maria DavidPublisher: ISPCKYear: 2009Language: EnglishPages: 281ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788184650013
This book provides a vivid description of the historical, socio-cultural and religious settings with reference to the Hindu-Christian relationship in India at present. It also attempts an unbiased re-construction of the events related to Hindu-Christian conflicts in the Indian subcontinent which marked the beginning of Hindu-Christian polarization in recent times in India.This work also gives illuminating details and insights about the origin of Basic Christian communities in Latin America as well as in India. A creative exploration into the encounter between Basic Christian Communities and the socio-cultural realities in India.This work is an in-depth probe into the dialogue of life taking place among the people at the Base Beyond Boundaries. Basic Christian Communities, as People’s forums at the Base, have the potential to emerge as agents of religious harmony in the multi-religious context of India today.COMMENTSDr. David’s argument are empirically substantiated, his style lucid and his findings persuasive and fraught with prophetic challenges to the Churches. Christianity in India is deeply indebted to him for undertaking such a timely and relevant study. The reading of the book is a must for any Christian committed to reverse the rising tide of religious communalism in India and concerned with making the mission of the Church in India more effective and fruitful.Dr. D. AlphonseRector, St. Paul’s Seminary, TiruchirapalliDialogue of everyday life is what this book is all about. That this is possible even in the most provocative and challenging situation is the contention of the author. He demonstrates it through a field studie in a district highly prone to religious communalism. This work is a blend of idealism and realism.Prof. Dr.Felix WilfredAsian Centre for Cross Cultural Studies, Chennai.
ForewordAcknowledgementsAbbreviationsIntroductionCHAPTER 1THE RELIGIOUS SETTING IN THE DISTRICT OF KANYAKUMARI1.1 Topography and Demography1.1.1. The Political History of the District1.1.2. The Socio-Cultural Composition1.2 The Multi-Religious Setting1.2.1 Hinduism in the District of Kanyakumari184.108.40.206. Hindu Worship in Travancore 220.127.116.11.1 Vishnu 18.104.22.168.2 Shiva 22.214.171.124.3 Tutelary Deities 126.96.36.199.4. Sasta or Aiyappan 188.8.131.52.5. Bhagavathi 184.108.40.206.6. Inferior Deities 220.127.116.11.7 Spirit Worship 18.104.22.168.8 Worship of Animals and Plants1.2.2. Christianity in the District of Kanyakumari22.214.171.124. Christianity Prior to the Advent of the Portuguese, in Travancore126.96.36.199.1. The Syrian Christians of Travancore188.8.131.52.2. The Roman Catholic Christians in Travancore before the Portuguese184.108.40.206.3. Christianity in the District of Kanyakumari after the Advent of the Portuguese 220.127.116.11.3.1. St. Francis Xavier’s Mission among the Fisher People 18.104.22.168.3.2. Roman Catholic Mission in the Interior Areas in the District of Kanyakumari 22.214.171.124.3.3. The Protestant Mission in the District of Kanyakumari 1.2.3. Islam in the District of Kanyakumari 126.96.36.199. Spread of Islam through Trade Contacts 188.8.131.52. Forced Conversions to Islam 184.108.40.206. Voluntary Conversions 220.127.116.11. Muslims Today in the District of Kanyakumari1.2.4. AyyavazhiConclusionCHAPTER IITHE HINDU-CHRISTIAN RELATIONSHIP IN THE DISTRICT OF KANYAKUMARI2.1. Positive Relationship Between the Hindus and the Christians 2.1.1. Positive Relationship between the Hindus and Christians of the Lower Castes2.2. The Hindu-Christian Conflict During the Time of the Missionaries 2.2.1. Early resistance to Christianity 18.104.22.168. Persecution of the Christians 22.214.171.124. Persecution of the Higher Caste Converts to Christianity 2.2.2. Reasons for the Conflict 126.96.36.199. The Socio-Economic Upliftment of the Lower Castes 188.8.131.52. The Negative Attitude of the Missionaries towards the Hindu Religion 184.108.40.206. Identification of the Christians with the Foreigners2.3. The Hindu-Christian Conflict in Recent Times 2.3.1. The Hindu-Christian Conflict Based on Mandaikadu Incidents – A Turning Point 220.127.116.11. A report of the Major Events and Circumstances Leading to the Conflict 18.104.22.168.1. The Dispute over the Vivekananda Rock Memorial 22.214.171.124.2. Fear of Increase in the Christian Population 126.96.36.199.3. Unity and Show of Strength Among the Christian Churches 188.8.131.52.4. Proselytisation and Propaganda by the Christians 184.108.40.206.5. Controversy over Places of Worship 220.127.116.11.6. Change of Names of the Places 18.104.22.168.7. Accusation about the Influence of the Christian Educational Institutions22.214.171.124. The Immediate Circumstances 126.96.36.199.1. A Situation of Violence: Incidents in Madathattuvilai and Kulasekaram 188.8.131.52.2. The Hindu Unity Conference 184.108.40.206.3. Tension over the Vinayaga Idol in Monday Market Junction220.127.116.11. The Hindu-Christian Setting and Relationship in Mandaikadu 18.104.22.168.1 Tension in Mandaikadu 22.214.171.124.2. The Incident of Police Firing at Mandaikadu126.96.36.199. Violence After the Police Firing in Mandaikadu188.8.131.52. Peace Efforts2.3.2. The Hindu-Christian Conflict Based on Manalikuzivilai 184.108.40.206. The Place and the People 220.127.116.11. The Issue 18.104.22.168. The Conflict 22.214.171.124. The Struggle and the Settlement2.4. Some Observations on the Conflicts 2.4.1. The Conflicts in the Past 2.4.2 Some Observations on the Conflicts in Recent Times 126.96.36.199. The Mandaikadu related Conflicts 188.8.131.52. Some Observations on the Manalikuzhivilai Conflict 184.108.40.206. Difference in the Attitude Among the Christians and the Hindus2.5. The Response of the Church to the Hindu-Christian Conflicts in the District of Kanyakumari 2.5.1. Response to the Concrete Plan of Action 220.127.116.11. Lack of Concrete Plane of Action 18.104.22.168. Threat and Assertion 22.214.171.124. Lack of Socio-Political Analysis2.5.2. Approach of the Church to the Manalikuzhivilai IncidentsConclusionCHAPTER IIIA HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE BASIC CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES (ANBIANGAL) IN GENERAL AND IN THE DISTRICT OF KANYAKUMARI3.1. A General Introduction to Basic Christian Communities 3.1.1. Emergence of Basic Christian Communities in Latin America 3.1.2. Basic Christian Communities in Africa, Asia and other Places3.2. Basic Christian Communities in the District of Kanyakumari 3.2.1. The Terminology 3.2.2 The Background 126.96.36.199. The Sociological Factors 188.8.131.52.1 The Socio-Political Struggles 184.108.40.206.2. Among the People at the Coast: Separation Between the Social and Religious Spheres of Life 220.127.116.11. Socio-Political Forces 18.104.22.168.1. The Voluntary Agencies 22.214.171.124.2. The Leftist Movements 126.96.36.199. Ecclesiastical Factors 188.8.131.52.1. Renewal in Liturgy 184.108.40.206.2. Youth Movements and Associations 220.127.116.11.3. The Role of the Charismatic Movement 18.104.22.168.4. Formation of the People in Renewal 22.214.171.124.5. Family Apostolate 126.96.36.199.6 Structural reforms 188.8.131.52.7. Parish Pastoral Councils 184.108.40.206.8. Church Related Movements 220.127.116.11.9. The Golden Jubilee Celebrations 18.104.22.168.10. The Pastoral Letter of Bishop Arokiasamy3.3. The Origin of Anbiangal in the District of Kanyakumari 3.3.1. The Kodimunai Experiment 3.3.2. The Impact of Anbiangal in Kodimunai 22.214.171.124. Formation of Particopatory Structures 126.96.36.199. Participatory Communities and their Co-ordination 188.8.131.52.1. The Muluvalarci Sangam 184.108.40.206.2. The Marumalarci Manram220.127.116.11. Importance for Women18.104.22.168. Renewal in Christian Life and Liturgy22.214.171.124. Difference in the Behaviour of the People Conclusion CHAPTER IVTHE FUNCTIONING AND STRUCTURES OF BASIC CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES (ANBIANGAL) IN THE DISTRICT OF KANYAKUMARI4.1 Anbiangal – Taking Shape at the District Level4.2 Adithalam (Adithalam (The Official News Bulletin)4.3 Types of Anbiangal4.4 The Structural Aspects in the Anbiangal4.5. Anbiangal Moving Beyond the Boundaries4.6. A Critical Look Towards the Programme of Anbiangal in the district of KanyakumariConclusionCHAPTER VTHE PERCEPTION OF THE ANBIANGAL (BCCs) ABOUT THE HINDU-CHRISTIAN RELATIONSHIP IN THE DISTRICT OF KANYAKUMARI5.1. The Method of Enquiry5.2. The Results of the Enquiry5.3. Conclusions from the Field EnquiryCHAPTER VIGeneral ConclusionSelected BibliographyAppendices