Author: IftekharuzzamanEditor(s): IftekharuzzamanPublisher: ManoharYear: 1998Language: EnglishPages: 190ISBN/UPC (if available): 8173042071
Ethnic issues are at the root of many of the vexing problems and conflicts between and within nations today. In many cases ethnicity-based political assertion transforms into secessionist movement defying political and constitutional response. The upsurge of ethno-political strife that often has cross-border implications is also a major source of threat to national, regional and international security.The problem highlights the importance of constitutional reform in preventing and resolving ethnic conflict. By creating the legal and institutional structures constitutional reform can protect and preserve the rights of various ethnic groups, provide equitable access to political and economic opportunity, and address the problem of power-sharing.The linkage between ethnicity and constitutional reform is of ceaseless academic and policy interest, particularly in the context of south Asia where very few other factors are more dominant in national and regional politics. The states in this region, emerging from colonial dispensation hardly reflected coincidence of state with nation, and have ceaselessly confronted the challenge of transforming ethnic and religious diversities into nationhood. Problems have been exacerbated by the failure of the dominant majority community to provide democratic space to other social groups. Discriminatory legislation and flawed distributive justice are responsible for many of the conflicts and instabilities. As a result, the states remain ill-prepared to face challenges of effective governance and development, and the region remains endemically unstable.This book probes into the problem of ethnicity is South Asia and examines if and to what extent constitutional reform is a way out.
INTRODUCTIONThe Problems of Tribal Separatism and Constitutional Reform in Bangladesh MOHAMMAD HUMAYUN KABIREthnicity and Constitutional Reforms in IndiaSUBHASH C KASHYAPEthnic Conflict and Conflict Management: The Indian CasePARTHA S GHOSHEthnicity and Constitutional Reforms in NepalLOK RAJ BARALEthnicity and constitutional Reforms: A Pakistani PerspectiveMOONIS AHMAREthnicity and Constitutional Reform in Sri Lanka: Reflections on Some Relevant MechanismsG L PEIRISEthnicity and Constitutional Reform in Sri Lanka: A Consociational ApproachAMBALAVANAR SIVARAJAHConstitutional Reform as an Instrument for Settling Ethnic DisputesLAKSHMAN MARASINGHEEthnic Conflict in Sri Lanka: Reconstituting the Polity through Constitutional Reform GAMINI SAMARANAYAKECONTRIBUTORS