Author: A M SwaminathanPublisher: Academic FoundationYear: 2009Language: EnglishPages: 174ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788171887293
Throughout the world, distribution of essential food articles by the State or State sponsored organizations for the poor at subsidized rated is recognized as an essential anti-poverty and anti-inflationary measure. India, perhaps, has the largest public distribution system continuously in operation for more than six decades. Within the country, Tamil Nadu, a southern State is reputed for its efficient “universal” public distribution system covering the State’s entire population. Of late, due to a variety of factors, the system is showing signs of strain and its sustainability in its present form is being questioned in many quarters.This publication is the result of a study of the issues involved by a seasoned administrator in the light of his personal experience. Backed by a quick field study of the perception of the consumers and free wheeling discussions with the representatives of all the stakeholders, this study offers some suggestions for modifications in the programme which are likely to face minimum resistance and maximum concurrence from the general public. What is good for Tamil Nadu is also good for the rest of India and the study provides a model that can be suitably adapted elsewhere too.
List of Tables and FiguresAbbreviationsPreface1. Introduction Supply or Distribution Management Definition of Public Distribution System Historical Perspective The Post-Independence Period The Five Year Plans The Present Scenario Organizational Details: Government of India History of Public Distribution System in Tamil Nadu Some Recent Reforms of the State Public Distribution System Organizational Details: Government of Tamil Nadu2. Politics on Public Distribution System in Tamil Nadu3. Research Design and Field Survey Research Design Hypothesis Analysis of the Survey Results4. Views of the Different Stakeholders Farmers Traders and Millers NGOs Academicians Administrators Politicians PDS Subsidy and the People’s Savings5. Major Issues Objectives Procurement Policy Poverty Criterion Subsidies Universal versus Targeted Public Distribution System Types of Targeting Genuine Ration Cards and Bogus Cards Types of Targeting Genuine Ration Cards and Bogus Cards Food Stamps Antyodaya Anna Yojana Malpractices Cost of PDS Commodity Coverage Suggestions for the Modification of the Present System Conclusion6. Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions Recommendations The Need for Political ConsensusAppendix A-I: Comments and Suggestions Based on the Draft ReportAppendix A-2: Some Earlier Studies on PDS in IndiaReferencesIndex