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From Seclusion and Exclusion to Inclusion
From Seclusion and Exclusion to Inclusion

From Seclusion and Exclusion to Inclusion

by Sharmeen Contractor

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Product ID:32935




Observer Research Foundation


N/A - Year: 2013 - Pages: 134



Sharmeen Contractor

Author: Sharmeen Contractor
Radha Viswanathan/Noorjehan Safia Niaz
Publisher: Observer Research Foundation
Year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 134
ISBN/UPC (if available): N/A


Inclusive Development is a profoundly meaningful and important concept. Although of recent vintage in terms of its popular usage in political and intellectual discourse, it is neither newly conceived nor borrowed from foreign lands. The essence of this concept has found expression in other phrases that had caught the imagination of Indian people at different times before, during and after the Freedom Struggle. Hence, Inclusive Development can be said to be a synonym of Sarvodaya, Lok Kalyan, Arthik-Samajik Nyay (Economic and Social Justice), and Samajvad (Socialism).

Muslims in India being the second largest religious community, inclusive Development has little meaning if it does not in reality translate into full inclusion of Indian Muslims – indeed, of every other community – in the nation’s development. Therefore, the UPA government’s decision to set up the Rajinder Sachar Committee in 2005, with a mandate to study the social, economic and educational condition of the Muslim community of India and make appropriate recommendations to the government, proved to be a major, and highly welcome, initiative towards promoting the community’s inclusive and all-round development. The committee submitted its findings and recommendations in 2006. The Union government has since taken several constructive policy and programmatic measures in response to these recommendations.

It is this context which prompted the Observer Research Foundation Mumbai to take a close look at the socio-economic and educational condition of Muslim women. However, since the scope of this subject is too vast, we zeroed in on a small but significant aspect of it – namely, study of the status of Muslim women’s NGOs in India.

The outcome of this collective labor is this report.


“Whenever women protest and ask for their rights, they are silenced with the argument that the laws are justified under Islam. It is an unfounded argument. It is not Islam at fault, but rather the patriarchal culture that uses its own interpretations to justify whatever it wants.
= Shirin Ebadi

“The absence of women in the past from the Shura Council made people unaware of a particular viewpoint because she lives the problems or through certain situations that no-one else can understand. The decision is the best thing that happened to Saudi women since education, by giving women a position and a mandate and by showing a truer picture of the natural society in which both men and women have a voice… Like in any country in the world, we need a mix of all segments of society in order to move forward for the better.
= Dr. Hayat Bint Sulaiman Sindi





Executive Summary

1. Introduction

The Status of Indian Muslim Women

2. Study Design

Objectives of the Study

A Qualitative Paradigm

Research Design & Methodology

Techniques of Data Collection

Limitations of the Study


3. NGO Case Studies

Genesis of Organizations

Organizational Logistics

Sources of Funds

Organizational Activities

NGO Networks

Monitoring and Management

Outreach: Relationship with Media, Dissemination of Information


4. Interviews with Experts

Background and Role of Respondents

Perceptions and Recommendations

5. Interface with the Government

Central Government Schemes

A Few State-Specific Schemes for Muslim Women

NGO Interface with the Government

Perceptions of Experts on the Efforts of Governments

Where Have the Governments Gone Wrong?

12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017) Schemes for Inclusion of Women

6. Recommendations

Role of Muslim Communities

Role of Government and Civil Society in Tackling Anti-Muslim and Anti-Women Bias

Women’s Empowerment



Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism

Ensuring Inclusion and Social Security

Muslim Women’s NGOs as Change Agents


7. Annexures

Muslim Women in India: A Historical Perspective

Profile of Interviewees

Roundtable on Defining the Role of the Government, NGOs and Media in the Inclusive Development of Indian Muslim Women

Brief Profile of Roundtable Participants


Definition of Terms

Questionnaire & Guidelines

Interview Guidelines

About The Authors


About ORF Mumbai

About BMMA

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