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Author: Muhammad Munawwar
Publisher: Adam Publishers
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788174351630
From the Book Preface:
Ordinary poets like ordinary politicians try to gain immediate popularity. For this purpose they try to echo the demand whatever it be of the populace. The demand may be right. It may be wrong. But popularity-mongers must sing the popular song. No poet with such a low ambition can give birth to high poetry.
High' poetry is almost always the outcome of a serious and unrelenting conflict between a poet's personality and surrounding circumstances. A genuine poet, like a genuine leader and teacher, is one who can change the circumstances of his society by changing the thinking and outlook of the people around. His message may even rise higher than the level of a society, even a nation, and may expand and affect many societies and nations. His message may outlive the times it was delivered in. Thus his poetry may prove to be universal and lasting. It is obvious that such boundless acclaim cannot be attained unless the thought content and form of that poetry be equally excellent.
Poetic art without beautiful and high thought or vice versa makes no poetry. For a poet, who is at the same time also a philosopher, the problem of fulfilling the demands of art becomes all the more difficult. To make philosophy sing is an enormously arduous job. Iqbal has succeeded in doing so.
A poet without a strong conviction can never conquer his milieu. In this-sense Iqbal was a great conqueror. He had a purpose before him. It was a high purpose. Poets of the subcontinent contemporary to him had no goal to achieve. They had no message to deliver. Hali and Akbar, lqbal’s two elder contemporaries, can be characterized, to some extent, as exceptions. Lqbal had his own way.
All his life Iqbal toiled hard to make others see and feel what he saw and felt. In Iqbal’s view, to live was to conquer. For rising higher than animal level, a person has first to subjugate the animal within him. To overpower ordinary, selfish desires is not an easy undertaking. To make one’s capabilities conform to one’s ideas and ideals is another difficulty to surmount. To live according to the dictates of intellect and faith, by subordinating instincts to them, is to be truly human. It is to become master in one’s own house. Such a master is a genuine “self”. He is an individual in the real sense of the word. He is a “self” wherein the soul dominates the body. He is an integrated whole.
Introduction by Khalid M Ishaque
Impact of Arabic Literature on Iqbal’s Poetry
Prophet Ibrahim as a Symbol in Iqbal’s Poetry
Iqbal-Man of Faith and Vision
Iqbal on Ummah’s Bright Future
Iqbal on Man’s Respect for Man
Iqbal on Finality of Prophet hood
Iqbal on Knowledge Vis-à-vis Education
Hafeez Pays Tribute to Iqbal