Author: D P ChattopadhyayaPublisher: Indian Institute of Advanced StudyYear: 2004Language: EnglishPages: 375ISBN/UPC (if available): 8179860302
The essays of this book are addressed to some basic issues of science, society and value. Discounting the autonomy claim of science Chattopadhyaya tries to trace its social roots and discover its historical background. Also he discounts the value-neutrality claim of science-of both social science and natural science. All forms of knowledge, scientific and social, are basically rooted in the human nature and limits. According to Chattopadhyaya, freedom underpins human inspiration and aspirations which explains the integral character of facts, ideas and values. He finds no dichotomy between fact and value, between naturalism and humanism, or between subjectivity and objectivity. A substantial part of the book is concerned with the nature of scientific knowledge. It is argued that because of its humanistic roots science cannot be absolutely objective. Objectivity is nothing but inter-subjectivity, sharability of knowledge by suitably qualified people. From this thesis of inter-subjectivity the author argues back to the unity of human nature and community f human interests and intentions. From the analysis of the concepts of unity and community he extracts the larger perspectives of the human unity, democracy and justice. All these elements are claimed to be inputs of much needed civilization dialogue in a world torn by strife and inequitable levels of development.
PREFACEPROVENANCE OF THE ESSAYS AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSINTRODUCTIONSECTION I: MOSAIC OF SCIENCEMyth, Metaphysics and SciencePhysics, Body-Mind and the BeyondLifeworld, Science and TechnologyScience, Value and EthicsCan Science and Technology be Value-Neutral?SECTIO II: NATURALISM AND HUMANISM VARIETY AND BLENDSNaturalism: Indian ApproachesNaturalism and Humanism in Creation and ConstructionAre Naturalism and Humanism Historically Antithetical?Tagore on Humanization of ScienceSECTION III: JUSTICE, DEMOCRACY AND CIVILIZATIONAL DIALOGUETwo Approaches to Society and Polity: Scientific and PhilosophicalDemocracy and Justice: Some ConsiderationsDifference Principles, Demoted Democracy and Globalization without HegemonismDialogue Among Civilizations: Concepts and AimsAn Indo-European Dialogical Framework: Conceptual and CulturalSECTION IV: EPILOGUEHuman Development in the Twenty-First CenturyIndex