Author: John C B WebsterPublisher: ISPCKYear: 2009Language: EnglishPages: 361ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788184650020
This widely read book remains the only history of the Dalit Christians as a whole since it first appeared in 1992. Now, in this third edition, it has been thoroughly revised to incorporate recent research. In addition, it has also been expanded to cover important events and developments since 1990, including the important case affecting all Dalit Christians now before the Supreme Court.This edition continues to set the history of the Dalit Christians within the context of the modern Dalit movement, to compare Christian and other Dalits on a variety of social indicators, and to maintain a balance between North and South India. Moreover, thanks to recent research on the subject, it now incorporates more information on Roman Catholic Dalits than earlier editions had been able to do.Estimates vary on the proportion of Dalits who are Christians, but few would disagree that the majority of Christians in India are Dalits. This first attempt to write their history has set it within the context of the history of the modern Dalit movement. This third edition brings that history up to date by including developments which have occurred over the past two decades.After a brief discussion of the origins of caste and untouchability, Webster traces this history from the late 19th century up to the present. He sees the Dalit movement and Dalit Christian history passing through three stages. The first was characterized by Dalit mass conversion, especially to Christianity. Then came the politics of numbers during the 1920s and 1930s when Dr. Ambedkar was the central Dalit figure. The third is the post-Independence stage of compensatory compensation during which Dalit Christians have come into their own as a distinct entity within the churches and Indian society at large. The book concludes with a chapter on the history of Christian theological reflection vis-à-vis the Dalits.
Preface to the Third EditionPreface to the First EditionPreface to the Second Edition1. THE DALIT BACKGROUNDThe Origins of Caste and UntouchabilityThe Nineteenth Century The Chuhras of the Punjab The Chamars of North India The Mahars of Central and Western India The Paraiyar of South IndiaConclusions2. THE MASS MOVEMENTSThe Missionaries and the DalitsDalit Mass Movements The Madiga Movement around Ongole The Chuhra Movement in the Punjab The Pattern of the Mass MovementsThe Impact of the Mass Movements The Churches The Dalit Converts The Dalit MovementConclusions3. THE POLITICS OF NUMBERSThe Dalit Movement in the 1920sThe Simon Commission and Round Table ConferencesGandhi’s FastAmbedkar’s DeclarationThe Provincial GovernmentsConclusions4. COMENSATORY DISCRIMINATIONThe Constitution and Compensatory DiscriminationCompensatory Discrimination and its Dalit BeneficiariesReservationsSocial ChangeSelf-Assertion and Political ActionChristian Dalits and Compensatory and ChurchesSelf-Assertion and Political ActionConclusion 5. GOOD NEWS FOR DALITSThe Mass MovementsThe Politics of NumbersCompensatory DiscriminationConclusionsGlossary of Indian TermsBibliographyIndex