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The Penguin Book of Firsts - Amazing record of World's Great Ideas, Discoveries, Inventions, Feats
The Penguin Book of Firsts - Amazing record of World's Great Ideas, Discoveries, Inventions, Feats

The Penguin Book of Firsts - Amazing record of World's Great Ideas, Discoveries, Inventions, Feats

by Matthew Richardson

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Product ID:6777

Language

English

Publisher

Penguin

ISBN

0143027719 - Year: 2001 - Pages: 434

Binding

Paperback

Matthew Richardson
Shipping Note: This item usually arrives at your doorstep in 10-15 days

Author: Matthew Richardson
Publisher: Penguin
Year: 2001
Language: English
Pages: 434
ISBN/UPC (if available): 0143027719

Description

This book identifies the major firsts in various fields : Science, sport, society, philosophy, finance, food, literature, law, music, medicine, inventions, religions, politics, war and many others. The only complete reference of its kind, this book will amaze and delight with its myriad insights into human progress.

As this fascinating, witty and surprising book reveals, we quite often attribute firsts in world history to the wrong people. Many 'modern' ideas and inventions actually date back to ancient times. The use of steroids can be traced back to the Sung Dynasty, and oral contraceptive were popular in ancient Greece. A Communist revolution took place long before Lenin and Trotsky.

Within these pages, you'll discover that many things we hold dear began outside their traditional homelands. The famous croissant comes not from France but from Austria. Canada and the US played international cricket long before Australia and England, and Indian ink was first made in China. India has its own firsts to add to the list : the world's first artificial harbor is at the Harappan site of Lothal in Gujarat; Kautilya's Arthashastra, written over 2000 years ago, is the first to mention a general anesthetic.

Contents

Introduction
Acknowledgements
picture Sources
Spelling of Chinese Names
Spelling of Arabic Names
Popular Mistaken Firsts

CHAPTER I
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE
1. Writing and Printing
2. World Literatures
3. Genres and Publications

CHAPTER II
ARTS AND MUSIC
1. Visual Arts
2. Dramatic Arts
3. Music

CHAPTER III
FOOD AND DRINK
1. Cooking and Eating
2. Foodstuffs and Beverages
3. Recipes and Inventions
4. Liquor

CHAPTER IV
GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY
1. Systems of Government
2. Institutions of Government
3. The Social Order
4. Social Phenomena

CHAPTER V
1. Communities and Amenities
2. Buildings and Works
3. Maps, Plans and Surveys

CHAPTER VI
WAREFARE AND DESTRUCTION
1. Destructive Concepts and Agents
2. Soldiers and Weapons
3. Sea and Air Warfare

CHAPTER VII
PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION
1. Philosophic Schools
2. Further Ideas of Moral Philosophy
3. Social and Political Thought
4. Philosophy of Nature and Knowledge
5. Religions
6. Further Ideas of Divinity
7. Objects and Trappings of Faith

CHAPTER VIII
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. Mathematics and Physics
2. Astronomy
3. The Earth and Atmosphere
4. Chemistry
5. Biography
6. Medicine
7. Farming
8. Industrial Methods and Products
9. Energy Technology
10. Instruments and Apparatus
11. Machine Technology
12. Communications Technology

CHAPTER IX
TRANSPORT AND TRAVELS
1. Ships and Water Transport
2. Land Transport
3. Air and Space
4. Expeditions and Discoveries

CHAPTER X
SPORT AND RECREATION
1. Competitive Sport
2. Physical Pastimes
3. Games, Toys and Hobbies
4. Entertainments

CHAPTER XI
UTILITY AND LUXURY
1. House and Furniture
2. Equipment and Appliances
3. Useful Product
4. Materials
5. For the Person

CHAPTER XII
LAW AND FINANCE
1. Legislation
2. Crime and Punishment
3. Commercial Law
4. Money and Business

Chronological Table of Entries
Index

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