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Thirukkural: Universal Tamil Scripture - Along with the Commentary of Parimelazhagar in English
Thirukkural: Universal Tamil Scripture - Along with the Commentary of Parimelazhagar in English

Thirukkural: Universal Tamil Scripture - Along with the Commentary of Parimelazhagar in English

by Tiruvalluvar

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Product ID:34020




Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan


9788172764487 - Year: 2011 - Pages: 450



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Author: Tiruvalluvar
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): Pulavar R Viswanathan
Publisher: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Year: 2011
Language: English
Pages: 450
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9788172764487



Tirukkural is one of the important Tamil ethical works written by the author Tiruvalluvar approximately two thousand years ago. It is basically a book of maxims for good living composed in pithy couplets with multiple levels of meaning and literary beauty. The historical details of the life of the author are shrouded in mystery and whatever available is based on legends and folklore.

What makes it unique is its cosmopolitan outlook transcending caste; creed and nationality .lt exudes an air of universal brother hood, life affirmation and teaches the art of successful and harmonious life in compatibility with the high ethical codes enunciated by great minds. It is not only a guide to life but also a compendium of political and management principles for good governance based on equity and morality. Tiruvalluvar was a Jam but is eclectic in his choice of ideas drawing from all sources at hand and made a coherent philosophy of life based on egalitarianism, non violence and moral uprightness. Though written in Tamil its language and style are not barriers for understanding and it makes an instant communication with the readers like a sign language. His use of language is very skillful that makes the tailor made collection of maxim of ideas captivatingly literary and enjoyable. That is for the same reason it has been translated into 34 languages of the world for 130 times till A.D.2000.ln English alone there are more than hundred translations. In Tamil it has been continuously studied and commented upon several times, among which the commentary by Parimelazagar is scholarly and thorough. Each of these efforts has their merits and demerits with their own distortions deviations and loss of original sense.

Now Pulavar Viswanathan has come out with a lucid prose translation of Tirukkural mostly on the lines of the commentary of Parimelazagar. The main aim of his present work seems to be to make it available to the Tamil Diaspora who are increasingly become less comfortable with their mother tongue due to various reasons. Now the Tamil diaspora can read and enjoy Tirukkural in Tamil original either in Tamil script or in English translation with a brief English commentary provided by the translator. On the other hand a non Tamil reader can also profitably use it and can be lured to learn the Tamil language.

The English translation of Kural by Pulavar Viswanathan is the outcome of his passion for the language, literature and the universal ideas found in Kural. His dedication, sincerity and labor are evident in his adherence to the original and his care to details. His diligent effort to bring out the seminal ideas found in each Kural is admirable. I hope he will come out with a Tamil version of the same soon. I congratulate him for doing this service in the propagation of the ‘gospel of mankind’. I commend this for closer reading by readers of all kind



1. Message (Srimugam) from Hs Holiness Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetadhipathi Jagadguru Sri Sankaracharya Swamigal
2. Introduction - Dr. Krishnaswamy Nachimuthu M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Tamil, Centre for Indian Languages Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
3. Forward - Shri. J. Veeraraghavan, Director, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, New Delhi
4. Profile - Thirukkural
5. Observations from N. Raghavan
6. Grateful Acknowledgement (by author)

Part I: A Raththuppaal

Section I: Paayiram


In Praise of God
The Glory That Is Rain
The Greatness of Ascetics
Laying Emphasis on the Power of Dharma

Section II: Virtues of Domestic Life

Domestic Life
Good Aspects of the Life Partner
Being Blessed with Sons
Wealth of Love
Entertaining the Guests
Pleasant Talk
Not Forgetting the Gratitude
The Wealth of Self-Restraint
Wealth of Discipline and Decorum
Refraining From Coveting another Man's Wife
Wealth of Forbearance
Not Being Jealous or Envious
Avoiding Slanderous Talks of Others in Their Absence
Against Vain Speaking
Dreading To Do Evil Deeds
Knowledge about Social Traditions and Responsibilities
Good Reputation

Section III: Virtue of Renunciation and Ascetic Life

Wealth of Elegant Compassion
Abjuring Meat Eating
Undesirable Conduct
Avoiding Acquisitions by Fraudulent Means
Veracity or Truthfulness
Restraining the Anger
Abstaining From Doing Evil unto Others
Refraining from killing

Section IV: Enlightened Knowledge

Impermanence or the Instability of Life
Knowing the Absolute and Supreme Truth
Giving up on Desire

Section V: Powerful destiny


Part II: Porutpaal

Section I: Nature of Kingdom

Grandeur of the King
Refraining From Learning
Education through the Medium of Listening
Wealth of Wisdom
Avoiding Blemishes
Seeking the Assistance of Great, Wise People
Avoiding the Company of Mean People
Action Only after Due Deliberations
Assessment of Relative Strengths
Choice of Right Time
Choosing the Strategic Place of Action
Clear Vision in the Selection of Men
Entrusting Suitable Assignments to Tested and Trusted Persons
Cherishing the Kinsmen
Avoiding Forgetfulness and Complacency
Rule of Just Sceptre by a King
Rule of Tyranny or Cruel Sceptre
Avoiding Acts of Terrorism
Gracious and Kind Attitude
Wealth of Abundant Enthusiasm and Energy
Freedom from Sloth
The Wealth of Perseverance
Not Being Daunted By Adversity

Section II: Administrative Divisions of Kingdom

On Minister
Power of speech
Purity of Action
Resolve Action
Modes of Action
Envoy or Emissary
Harmonious Association on His Majesty’s service
Intuitive Knowledge of Indicative Language
Knowing Well the Nature of the Royal Council
Fearlessness to Address the Royal Council
The Nation
Ways of Creating Wealth
Grandeur of Defence Forces
Pride of Defence Forces
Assessing the Friendship
Tradition and Long Standing Friendship
Dreadful Friendship
Pretentious Friendship
Lack of Discernment or Folly
Ignorance or Paucity of Knowledge
Hatred and Antagonism
Power of the Enemy
Knowledge of Enemy’s Skill
The Enemy Within
Not Offending Great Persons
Being Influenced and Led Around By the Woman
Wanton Women
Abstaining From Consuming Liquor

Section III: Other Important Miscellaneous Aspects

Nobility of Great Citizens
Honour and Dignity
Greatness and Sense of Pride
Combination of Several Good Qualities and Perfect Behaviour
Wealth of Courtesy and Propriety
Futile Wealth
High Sensitiveness to Shame
Promoting Community Welfare
Dread of Beggary
Meanness or Baseness

Part III: Pleasure from Love

Section I: Nature of Clandestine Love

Disturbing Impact on Seeing the Beautiful Young Charming Lady
Making Out the Subtly Indicative Signs of Mutual Love
Joy of Copulation
Admiring The Heroine’s Beauty
Expressions about the Unique Features of Love
Renouncing the Reserve Nature
Wild Public Rumour

Section II: Nature of unswerving chastity

Unbearable Separation
Laments Due To Pangs of Separating
Anxious Eyes Consumed With Grief
Wailing Over Pallor
Increase in Individual Pallor
Sadly Looking Back At Pleasant Memories
Relating of Dreams
Lamenting the Arrival of Evening
Languishing of Body Features
Talking To One’s Own Heart - Soliloquy
Endurance of Unknown Modesty under Pressure of Breaking
Mutual Yearning for Each Other
Interpreting the Body Language and Other Signs
Yearning for Reunion
Chiding the Heart
Nuance in Sulking
Charms of Sulking

Alphabetical index of Thirukkural (Tamil) along with its English Transliteration and Thirukkural Number

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